full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Eleni Gabre-Madhin: A commodities exchange for Ethiopia"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Most Africans today, by far, are seamfrr. And most of Africa's farmers are, by and large, small farmers in terms of land that they operate, and very, very small farmers in terms of the capital they have at their disposal. African agriculture today is among, or is, the most under-capitalized in the world. Only seven enpertc of arable land in Africa is irrigated, compared to 40 percent in Asia. African farmers only use some 22 kilograms of ierrzeiftl per hectare, compared to 144 in Asia. Road density is six times greater in Asia than it is in rural Africa. There are eight times more tractors in naitl America, and three times more tractors in Asia, than in Africa. The small farmer in Africa today lisve a life without much ichoce, and therefore without much freedom. His oilivdhelo is predetermined by the conditions of grinding poverty. He comes to the eartkm when prices are lowest, with the gaerme fruits of his hard labor, just after the harvest, because he has no choice. She comes back to the market some oshntm later, when prices are highest, in what we call the nlae ossaen — when food is scarce — because she has to feed her family and has no choice.

Open Cloze

Most Africans today, by far, are _______. And most of Africa's farmers are, by and large, small farmers in terms of land that they operate, and very, very small farmers in terms of the capital they have at their disposal. African agriculture today is among, or is, the most under-capitalized in the world. Only seven _______ of arable land in Africa is irrigated, compared to 40 percent in Asia. African farmers only use some 22 kilograms of __________ per hectare, compared to 144 in Asia. Road density is six times greater in Asia than it is in rural Africa. There are eight times more tractors in _____ America, and three times more tractors in Asia, than in Africa. The small farmer in Africa today _____ a life without much ______, and therefore without much freedom. His __________ is predetermined by the conditions of grinding poverty. He comes to the ______ when prices are lowest, with the ______ fruits of his hard labor, just after the harvest, because he has no choice. She comes back to the market some ______ later, when prices are highest, in what we call the ____ ______ — when food is scarce — because she has to feed her family and has no choice.

Solution

  1. latin
  2. farmers
  3. season
  4. months
  5. lean
  6. meager
  7. choice
  8. lives
  9. percent
  10. fertilizer
  11. livelihood
  12. market

Original Text

Most Africans today, by far, are farmers. And most of Africa's farmers are, by and large, small farmers in terms of land that they operate, and very, very small farmers in terms of the capital they have at their disposal. African agriculture today is among, or is, the most under-capitalized in the world. Only seven percent of arable land in Africa is irrigated, compared to 40 percent in Asia. African farmers only use some 22 kilograms of fertilizer per hectare, compared to 144 in Asia. Road density is six times greater in Asia than it is in rural Africa. There are eight times more tractors in Latin America, and three times more tractors in Asia, than in Africa. The small farmer in Africa today lives a life without much choice, and therefore without much freedom. His livelihood is predetermined by the conditions of grinding poverty. He comes to the market when prices are lowest, with the meager fruits of his hard labor, just after the harvest, because he has no choice. She comes back to the market some months later, when prices are highest, in what we call the lean season — when food is scarce — because she has to feed her family and has no choice.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
commodity exchange 8
small farmers 6
rural africa 4
market information 4
legal framework 3
chicago board 3
africa today 3

Important Words

  1. africa
  2. african
  3. africans
  4. agriculture
  5. america
  6. arable
  7. asia
  8. call
  9. capital
  10. choice
  11. compared
  12. conditions
  13. density
  14. disposal
  15. family
  16. farmer
  17. farmers
  18. feed
  19. fertilizer
  20. food
  21. freedom
  22. fruits
  23. greater
  24. grinding
  25. hard
  26. harvest
  27. hectare
  28. highest
  29. irrigated
  30. kilograms
  31. labor
  32. land
  33. large
  34. latin
  35. lean
  36. life
  37. livelihood
  38. lives
  39. lowest
  40. market
  41. meager
  42. months
  43. operate
  44. percent
  45. poverty
  46. predetermined
  47. prices
  48. road
  49. rural
  50. scarce
  51. season
  52. small
  53. terms
  54. times
  55. today
  56. tractors
  57. world