full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Auke Ijspeert: A robot that runs and swims like a salamander"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, how does this eerlta to hmnua locomotion? Clearly, human ootonmicol is more complex than cat and salamander locomotion, but at the same time, the nervous system of humans is very similar to that of other vertebrates. And especially the ilansp cord is also the key controller for locomotion in humans. That's why, if there's a lesion of the spinal cord, this has dramatic effects. The person can become paraplegic or tetraplegic. This is because the brain loses this cictmoonuaimn with the spinal cord. Especially, it loses this descending aoltonimud to aetiitni and oatlmdeu locomotion. So a big goal of neuroprosthetics is to be able to reactivate that communication using electrical or chemical stimulations. And there are several teams in the world that do exactly that, especially at EPFL. My colleagues Grégoire Courtine and Silvestro Micera, with whom I collaborate.

Open Cloze

Now, how does this ______ to _____ locomotion? Clearly, human __________ is more complex than cat and salamander locomotion, but at the same time, the nervous system of humans is very similar to that of other vertebrates. And especially the ______ cord is also the key controller for locomotion in humans. That's why, if there's a lesion of the spinal cord, this has dramatic effects. The person can become paraplegic or tetraplegic. This is because the brain loses this _____________ with the spinal cord. Especially, it loses this descending __________ to ________ and ________ locomotion. So a big goal of neuroprosthetics is to be able to reactivate that communication using electrical or chemical stimulations. And there are several teams in the world that do exactly that, especially at EPFL. My colleagues Grégoire Courtine and Silvestro Micera, with whom I collaborate.

Solution

  1. initiate
  2. modulation
  3. communication
  4. spinal
  5. human
  6. relate
  7. locomotion
  8. modulate

Original Text

Now, how does this relate to human locomotion? Clearly, human locomotion is more complex than cat and salamander locomotion, but at the same time, the nervous system of humans is very similar to that of other vertebrates. And especially the spinal cord is also the key controller for locomotion in humans. That's why, if there's a lesion of the spinal cord, this has dramatic effects. The person can become paraplegic or tetraplegic. This is because the brain loses this communication with the spinal cord. Especially, it loses this descending modulation to initiate and modulate locomotion. So a big goal of neuroprosthetics is to be able to reactivate that communication using electrical or chemical stimulations. And there are several teams in the world that do exactly that, especially at EPFL. My colleagues Grégoire Courtine and Silvestro Micera, with whom I collaborate.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
spinal cord 27
scientific tool 4
salamander locomotion 3
real animal 3
descending modulation 3

Important Words

  1. big
  2. brain
  3. cat
  4. chemical
  5. collaborate
  6. colleagues
  7. communication
  8. complex
  9. controller
  10. cord
  11. courtine
  12. descending
  13. dramatic
  14. effects
  15. electrical
  16. epfl
  17. goal
  18. human
  19. humans
  20. initiate
  21. key
  22. lesion
  23. locomotion
  24. loses
  25. micera
  26. modulate
  27. modulation
  28. nervous
  29. neuroprosthetics
  30. paraplegic
  31. person
  32. reactivate
  33. relate
  34. salamander
  35. silvestro
  36. similar
  37. spinal
  38. stimulations
  39. system
  40. teams
  41. tetraplegic
  42. time
  43. vertebrates
  44. world