full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Alex Gendler: Can you solve the rebel supplies riddle?"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

If you initially assumed the rules imply a symmetrical match between the number on the box and the type of lid, you’re not alone. That error is so common, we even have a name for it: affirming the consequent, or the fallacy of the converse. This fallacy wnorylg assumes that just because a certain inncodtoi is necessary for a given result, it must also be sufficient for it. For instance, having an atmosphere is a necessary condition for being a habitable planet. But this doesn’t mean that it’s a isntcufief condition – planets like Venus have atmospheres but alkc other criteria for habitability.

#### Open Cloze

If you initially assumed the rules imply a symmetrical match between the number on the box and the type of lid, you’re not alone. That error is so common, we even have a name for it: affirming the consequent, or the fallacy of the converse. This fallacy _______ assumes that just because a certain _________ is necessary for a given result, it must also be sufficient for it. For instance, having an atmosphere is a necessary condition for being a habitable planet. But this doesn’t mean that it’s a __________ condition – planets like Venus have atmospheres but ____ other criteria for habitability.

1. sufficient
2. lack
3. wrongly
4. condition

#### Original Text

If you initially assumed the rules imply a symmetrical match between the number on the box and the type of lid, you’re not alone. That error is so common, we even have a name for it: affirming the consequent, or the fallacy of the converse. This fallacy wrongly assumes that just because a certain condition is necessary for a given result, it must also be sufficient for it. For instance, having an atmosphere is a necessary condition for being a habitable planet. But this doesn’t mean that it’s a sufficient condition – planets like Venus have atmospheres but lack other criteria for habitability.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
red top 5

#### Important Words

1. affirming
2. assumed
3. assumes
4. atmosphere
5. atmospheres
6. box
7. common
8. condition
9. consequent
10. converse
11. criteria
12. error
13. fallacy
14. habitability
15. habitable
16. imply
17. initially
18. instance
19. lack
20. lid
21. match
22. number
23. planet
24. planets
25. result
26. rules
27. sufficient
28. symmetrical
29. type
30. venus
31. wrongly