full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Alex Gendler: Can you solve the rebel supplies riddle?"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

If you initially assumed the rules imply a symmetrical match between the number on the box and the type of lid, you’re not alone. That error is so common, we even have a name for it: affirming the consequent, or the fallacy of the converse. This fallacy wnorylg assumes that just because a certain inncodtoi is necessary for a given result, it must also be sufficient for it. For instance, having an atmosphere is a necessary condition for being a habitable planet. But this doesn’t mean that it’s a isntcufief condition – planets like Venus have atmospheres but alkc other criteria for habitability.

Open Cloze

If you initially assumed the rules imply a symmetrical match between the number on the box and the type of lid, you’re not alone. That error is so common, we even have a name for it: affirming the consequent, or the fallacy of the converse. This fallacy _______ assumes that just because a certain _________ is necessary for a given result, it must also be sufficient for it. For instance, having an atmosphere is a necessary condition for being a habitable planet. But this doesn’t mean that it’s a __________ condition – planets like Venus have atmospheres but ____ other criteria for habitability.

Solution

  1. sufficient
  2. lack
  3. wrongly
  4. condition

Original Text

If you initially assumed the rules imply a symmetrical match between the number on the box and the type of lid, you’re not alone. That error is so common, we even have a name for it: affirming the consequent, or the fallacy of the converse. This fallacy wrongly assumes that just because a certain condition is necessary for a given result, it must also be sufficient for it. For instance, having an atmosphere is a necessary condition for being a habitable planet. But this doesn’t mean that it’s a sufficient condition – planets like Venus have atmospheres but lack other criteria for habitability.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
red top 5

Important Words

  1. affirming
  2. assumed
  3. assumes
  4. atmosphere
  5. atmospheres
  6. box
  7. common
  8. condition
  9. consequent
  10. converse
  11. criteria
  12. error
  13. fallacy
  14. habitability
  15. habitable
  16. imply
  17. initially
  18. instance
  19. lack
  20. lid
  21. match
  22. number
  23. planet
  24. planets
  25. result
  26. rules
  27. sufficient
  28. symmetrical
  29. type
  30. venus
  31. wrongly