full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Andrew Blum: Discover the physical side of the internet"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

And then they connect to the continent somewhere. They connect in a manhole like this. Literally, this is where the 5,000-mile cable plugs in. This is in Halifax, a cable that stretches from Halifax to adliner. And the landscape is changing. Three years ago, when I started ignkniht about this, there was one cable down the wenesrt coast of Africa, represented in this map by Steve Song as that thin black line. Now there are six cables and more coming, three down each coast. Because once a country gets plugged in by one cable, they ezaerli that it's not enough. If they're going to build an industry around it, they need to know that their cntcoieonn isn't tenuous but permanent, because if a cable breaks, you have to send a ship out into the water, hotrw a grappling hook over the desi, pick it up, find the other end, and then fuse the two ends back together and then dump it over. It's an intensely, etnlsiney physical process.

#### Open Cloze

And then they connect to the continent somewhere. They connect in a manhole like this. Literally, this is where the 5,000-mile cable plugs in. This is in Halifax, a cable that stretches from Halifax to _______. And the landscape is changing. Three years ago, when I started ________ about this, there was one _____ down the _______ coast of Africa, represented in this map by Steve Song as that thin black line. Now there are six cables and more coming, three down each coast. Because once a country gets plugged in by one cable, they _______ that it's not enough. If they're going to build an industry around it, they need to know that their __________ isn't tenuous but permanent, because if a cable breaks, you have to send a ship out into the water, _____ a grappling hook over the ____, pick it up, find the other end, and then fuse the two ends back together and then dump it over. It's an intensely, _________ physical process.

1. ireland
2. cable
3. thinking
4. side
5. connection
6. western
7. intensely
8. throw
9. realize

#### Original Text

And then they connect to the continent somewhere. They connect in a manhole like this. Literally, this is where the 5,000-mile cable plugs in. This is in Halifax, a cable that stretches from Halifax to Ireland. And the landscape is changing. Three years ago, when I started thinking about this, there was one cable down the Western coast of Africa, represented in this map by Steve Song as that thin black line. Now there are six cables and more coming, three down each coast. Because once a country gets plugged in by one cable, they realize that it's not enough. If they're going to build an industry around it, they need to know that their connection isn't tenuous but permanent, because if a cable breaks, you have to send a ship out into the water, throw a grappling hook over the side, pick it up, find the other end, and then fuse the two ends back together and then dump it over. It's an intensely, intensely physical process.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
physical process 4
internet laughter 3

#### Important Words

1. africa
2. black
3. breaks
4. build
5. cable
6. cables
7. changing
8. coast
9. coming
10. connect
11. connection
12. continent
13. country
14. dump
15. ends
16. find
17. fuse
18. grappling
19. halifax
20. hook
21. industry
22. intensely
23. ireland
24. landscape
25. line
26. literally
27. manhole
28. map
29. permanent
30. physical
31. pick
32. plugged
33. plugs
34. process
35. realize
36. represented
37. send
38. ship
39. side
40. song
41. started
42. steve
43. stretches
44. tenuous
45. thin
46. thinking
47. throw
48. water
49. western
50. years