full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Sean Carroll: Distant time and the hint of a multiverse"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The fact that the entropy of the universe was low was a reflection of the fact that the early nsrvueei was very, very smooth. We'd like to understand that. That's our job as cosmologists. Unfortunately, it's actually not a mreoblp that we've been giving enough attention to. It's not one of the first things people would say, if you asked a mnedro cosmologist, "What are the problems we're trying to address?" One of the people who did understand that this was a problem was hdricar Feynman. 50 years ago, he gave a series of a bunch of different lectures. He gave the popular lectures that became "The Character of Physical Law." He gave stleurec to Caltech undergrads that became "The Feynman Lectures on yihcpss." He gave lectures to Caltech graduate tdeunsst that became "The Feynman Lectures on Gravitation." In every one of these kosbo, every one of these sets of lectures, he emphasized this puzzle: Why did the early universe have such a small entropy?

Open Cloze

The fact that the entropy of the universe was low was a reflection of the fact that the early ________ was very, very smooth. We'd like to understand that. That's our job as cosmologists. Unfortunately, it's actually not a _______ that we've been giving enough attention to. It's not one of the first things people would say, if you asked a ______ cosmologist, "What are the problems we're trying to address?" One of the people who did understand that this was a problem was _______ Feynman. 50 years ago, he gave a series of a bunch of different lectures. He gave the popular lectures that became "The Character of Physical Law." He gave ________ to Caltech undergrads that became "The Feynman Lectures on _______." He gave lectures to Caltech graduate ________ that became "The Feynman Lectures on Gravitation." In every one of these _____, every one of these sets of lectures, he emphasized this puzzle: Why did the early universe have such a small entropy?

Solution

  1. lectures
  2. richard
  3. students
  4. universe
  5. modern
  6. books
  7. problem
  8. physics

Original Text

The fact that the entropy of the universe was low was a reflection of the fact that the early universe was very, very smooth. We'd like to understand that. That's our job as cosmologists. Unfortunately, it's actually not a problem that we've been giving enough attention to. It's not one of the first things people would say, if you asked a modern cosmologist, "What are the problems we're trying to address?" One of the people who did understand that this was a problem was Richard Feynman. 50 years ago, he gave a series of a bunch of different lectures. He gave the popular lectures that became "The Character of Physical Law." He gave lectures to Caltech undergrads that became "The Feynman Lectures on Physics." He gave lectures to Caltech graduate students that became "The Feynman Lectures on Gravitation." In every one of these books, every one of these sets of lectures, he emphasized this puzzle: Why did the early universe have such a small entropy?

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
empty space 10
big bang 8
dark energy 6
high entropy 5
early universe 5
entropy increases 4
early times 4
black hole 4
billion years 4
billion galaxies 4
apple pie 4
thermal equilibrium 3
entropy configuration 3
black holes 3
billion stars 3

Important Words

  1. address
  2. asked
  3. attention
  4. books
  5. bunch
  6. caltech
  7. character
  8. cosmologist
  9. cosmologists
  10. early
  11. emphasized
  12. entropy
  13. fact
  14. feynman
  15. gave
  16. giving
  17. graduate
  18. gravitation
  19. job
  20. law
  21. lectures
  22. modern
  23. people
  24. physical
  25. physics
  26. popular
  27. problem
  28. problems
  29. reflection
  30. richard
  31. series
  32. sets
  33. small
  34. smooth
  35. students
  36. undergrads
  37. understand
  38. universe
  39. years