full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Ruth Chang: How to make hard choices"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

I think the puzzle iersas because of an unreflective assumption we make about value. We unwittingly assume that values like justice, beauty, kindness, are akin to fcsinietci quantities, like length, mass and weight. Take any comparative question not involving value, such as which of two suitcases is heavier. There are only three possibilities. The weight of one is greater, lesser or equal to the weight of the other. Properties like weight can be represented by real numbers — one, two, three and so on — and there are only three possible comparisons between any two rela numbers. One merubn is ergetra, lesser, or qaeul to the other. Not so with values. As post-Enlightenment creatures, we tend to smuesa that scientific thinking holds the key to everything of importance in our world, but the world of value is different from the world of science. The stuff of the one world can be quantified by real numbers. The stuff of the other world can't. We shouldn't assume that the world of is, of hetgnls and weights, has the same structure as the world of ought, of what we should do.

#### Open Cloze

I think the puzzle ______ because of an unreflective assumption we make about value. We unwittingly assume that values like justice, beauty, kindness, are akin to __________ quantities, like length, mass and weight. Take any comparative question not involving value, such as which of two suitcases is heavier. There are only three possibilities. The weight of one is greater, lesser or equal to the weight of the other. Properties like weight can be represented by real numbers — one, two, three and so on — and there are only three possible comparisons between any two ____ numbers. One ______ is _______, lesser, or _____ to the other. Not so with values. As post-Enlightenment creatures, we tend to ______ that scientific thinking holds the key to everything of importance in our world, but the world of value is different from the world of science. The stuff of the one world can be quantified by real numbers. The stuff of the other world can't. We shouldn't assume that the world of is, of _______ and weights, has the same structure as the world of ought, of what we should do.

1. real
2. arises
3. scientific
4. lengths
5. equal
6. number
7. assume
8. greater

#### Original Text

I think the puzzle arises because of an unreflective assumption we make about value. We unwittingly assume that values like justice, beauty, kindness, are akin to scientific quantities, like length, mass and weight. Take any comparative question not involving value, such as which of two suitcases is heavier. There are only three possibilities. The weight of one is greater, lesser or equal to the weight of the other. Properties like weight can be represented by real numbers — one, two, three and so on — and there are only three possible comparisons between any two real numbers. One number is greater, lesser, or equal to the other. Not so with values. As post-Enlightenment creatures, we tend to assume that scientific thinking holds the key to everything of importance in our world, but the world of value is different from the world of science. The stuff of the one world can be quantified by real numbers. The stuff of the other world can't. We shouldn't assume that the world of is, of lengths and weights, has the same structure as the world of ought, of what we should do.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
hard choices 27
equally good 7
real numbers 4
hard choice 4
create reasons 4

#### Important Words

1. akin
2. arises
3. assume
4. assumption
5. beauty
6. comparative
7. comparisons
8. creatures
9. equal
10. greater
11. heavier
12. holds
13. importance
14. involving
15. justice
16. key
17. kindness
18. length
19. lengths
20. lesser
21. mass
22. number
23. numbers
24. possibilities
25. properties
26. puzzle
27. quantified
28. quantities
29. question
30. real
31. represented
32. science
33. scientific
34. structure
35. stuff
36. suitcases
37. tend
38. thinking
39. unreflective
40. unwittingly
41. values
42. weight
43. weights
44. world