full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Daniel Levitin: How to stay calm when you know you'll be stressed"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now you're probably thinking, "Well, OK, one in 300 chance of lowering my cholesterol. Why not, doc? Give me the prescription anyway." But you should ask at this point for another statistic, and that is, "Tell me about the side effects." Right? So for this particular drug, the side effects occur in five percent of the patients. And they include terrible things — dtbniiilateg emlucs and joint pain, aitssrnaloegnitt distress — but now you're iinngkht, "Five percent, not very likely it's going to happen to me, I'll still take the drug." But wait a minute. Remember under stress you're not thinking clearly. So think about how you're going to work through this ahead of time, so you don't have to manufacture the chain of reasoning on the spot. 300 people take the drug, right? One person's edhepl, five percent of those 300 have sedi effects, that's 15 people. You're 15 times more likely to be dehram by the drug than you are to be helped by the drug.

Open Cloze

Now you're probably thinking, "Well, OK, one in 300 chance of lowering my cholesterol. Why not, doc? Give me the prescription anyway." But you should ask at this point for another statistic, and that is, "Tell me about the side effects." Right? So for this particular drug, the side effects occur in five percent of the patients. And they include terrible things — ____________ ______ and joint pain, ________________ distress — but now you're ________, "Five percent, not very likely it's going to happen to me, I'll still take the drug." But wait a minute. Remember under stress you're not thinking clearly. So think about how you're going to work through this ahead of time, so you don't have to manufacture the chain of reasoning on the spot. 300 people take the ____, right? One person's ______, five percent of those 300 have ____ effects, that's 15 people. You're 15 times more likely to be ______ by the drug than you are to be helped by the drug.

Solution

  1. debilitating
  2. muscle
  3. harmed
  4. thinking
  5. drug
  6. helped
  7. gastrointestinal
  8. side

Original Text

Now you're probably thinking, "Well, OK, one in 300 chance of lowering my cholesterol. Why not, doc? Give me the prescription anyway." But you should ask at this point for another statistic, and that is, "Tell me about the side effects." Right? So for this particular drug, the side effects occur in five percent of the patients. And they include terrible things — debilitating muscle and joint pain, gastrointestinal distress — but now you're thinking, "Five percent, not very likely it's going to happen to me, I'll still take the drug." But wait a minute. Remember under stress you're not thinking clearly. So think about how you're going to work through this ahead of time, so you don't have to manufacture the chain of reasoning on the spot. 300 people take the drug, right? One person's helped, five percent of those 300 have side effects, that's 15 people. You're 15 times more likely to be harmed by the drug than you are to be helped by the drug.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
pre mortem 5
side effects 4
number needed 4
releases cortisol 3
decision making 3

Important Words

  1. chain
  2. chance
  3. cholesterol
  4. debilitating
  5. distress
  6. doc
  7. drug
  8. effects
  9. gastrointestinal
  10. give
  11. happen
  12. harmed
  13. helped
  14. include
  15. joint
  16. lowering
  17. manufacture
  18. minute
  19. muscle
  20. occur
  21. pain
  22. patients
  23. people
  24. percent
  25. point
  26. prescription
  27. reasoning
  28. remember
  29. side
  30. spot
  31. statistic
  32. stress
  33. terrible
  34. thinking
  35. time
  36. times
  37. wait
  38. work