full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Alan Lupack: Is there any truth to the King Arthur legends?"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

King utarrh as we know him is a creation of the later Middle Ages, but his legend actually has its roots in Celtic typore from an earlier time: the nosxa saoinnvis of Britain. After the Romans left Britain in 410 CE, Saxon invaders from what’s now Germany and Denmark quickly capitalized on the vulnerability of the abandoned rttoeyrri. The inhabitants of Britain fought fiercely against the invaders through several centuries of turmoil. There are hardly any written records from this time, so it’s fcldiufti to reconstruct an accurate history. However, surviving poetry from the era gives us some clues. One of the oepms, The Gododdin, contains the very first reference to Arthur, though Arthur himself doesn’t actually appear in it. It says a different raworir, named Gwawrddur, was skilled at aygsinl his enemies, but was no Arthur. That’s not much to go on, but whoever this Arthur was, he must’ve been the gold standard of warriors. Whether he ruled anyone, or even lived at all is, unfortunately, less clear.

Open Cloze

King ______ as we know him is a creation of the later Middle Ages, but his legend actually has its roots in Celtic ______ from an earlier time: the _____ _________ of Britain. After the Romans left Britain in 410 CE, Saxon invaders from what’s now Germany and Denmark quickly capitalized on the vulnerability of the abandoned _________. The inhabitants of Britain fought fiercely against the invaders through several centuries of turmoil. There are hardly any written records from this time, so it’s _________ to reconstruct an accurate history. However, surviving poetry from the era gives us some clues. One of the _____, The Gododdin, contains the very first reference to Arthur, though Arthur himself doesn’t actually appear in it. It says a different _______, named Gwawrddur, was skilled at _______ his enemies, but was no Arthur. That’s not much to go on, but whoever this Arthur was, he must’ve been the gold standard of warriors. Whether he ruled anyone, or even lived at all is, unfortunately, less clear.

Solution

  1. warrior
  2. invasions
  3. slaying
  4. poetry
  5. arthur
  6. saxon
  7. poems
  8. territory
  9. difficult

Original Text

King Arthur as we know him is a creation of the later Middle Ages, but his legend actually has its roots in Celtic poetry from an earlier time: the Saxon invasions of Britain. After the Romans left Britain in 410 CE, Saxon invaders from what’s now Germany and Denmark quickly capitalized on the vulnerability of the abandoned territory. The inhabitants of Britain fought fiercely against the invaders through several centuries of turmoil. There are hardly any written records from this time, so it’s difficult to reconstruct an accurate history. However, surviving poetry from the era gives us some clues. One of the poems, The Gododdin, contains the very first reference to Arthur, though Arthur himself doesn’t actually appear in it. It says a different warrior, named Gwawrddur, was skilled at slaying his enemies, but was no Arthur. That’s not much to go on, but whoever this Arthur was, he must’ve been the gold standard of warriors. Whether he ruled anyone, or even lived at all is, unfortunately, less clear.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
king arthur 4

Important Words

  1. abandoned
  2. accurate
  3. ages
  4. arthur
  5. britain
  6. capitalized
  7. ce
  8. celtic
  9. centuries
  10. clear
  11. clues
  12. creation
  13. denmark
  14. difficult
  15. earlier
  16. enemies
  17. era
  18. fiercely
  19. fought
  20. germany
  21. gododdin
  22. gold
  23. gwawrddur
  24. history
  25. inhabitants
  26. invaders
  27. invasions
  28. king
  29. left
  30. legend
  31. lived
  32. middle
  33. named
  34. poems
  35. poetry
  36. quickly
  37. reconstruct
  38. records
  39. reference
  40. romans
  41. roots
  42. ruled
  43. saxon
  44. skilled
  45. slaying
  46. standard
  47. surviving
  48. territory
  49. time
  50. turmoil
  51. vulnerability
  52. warrior
  53. warriors
  54. written