full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Al Gore: The case for optimism on climate change"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Let's look at the atmosphere. This is a depiction of what we used to think of as the normal distribution of temperatures. The white represents normal temperature days; 1951-1980 are ararritbiyl eohscn. The blue are cooler than average days, the red are warmer than average days. But the ertnei vurce has moved to the right in the 1980s. And you'll see in the lower right-hand corner the appearance of statistically significant numbers of extremely hot days. In the 90s, the curve shifted further. And in the last 10 years, you see the extremely hot days are now more numerous than the cooler than average dasy. In fatc, they are 150 times more onmmco on the surface of the earth than they were just 30 years ago.

Open Cloze

Let's look at the atmosphere. This is a depiction of what we used to think of as the normal distribution of temperatures. The white represents normal temperature days; 1951-1980 are ___________ ______. The blue are cooler than average days, the red are warmer than average days. But the ______ _____ has moved to the right in the 1980s. And you'll see in the lower right-hand corner the appearance of statistically significant numbers of extremely hot days. In the 90s, the curve shifted further. And in the last 10 years, you see the extremely hot days are now more numerous than the cooler than average ____. In ____, they are 150 times more ______ on the surface of the earth than they were just 30 years ago.

Solution

  1. arbitrarily
  2. entire
  3. chosen
  4. curve
  5. days
  6. common
  7. fact

Original Text

Let's look at the atmosphere. This is a depiction of what we used to think of as the normal distribution of temperatures. The white represents normal temperature days; 1951-1980 are arbitrarily chosen. The blue are cooler than average days, the red are warmer than average days. But the entire curve has moved to the right in the 1980s. And you'll see in the lower right-hand corner the appearance of statistically significant numbers of extremely hot days. In the 90s, the curve shifted further. And in the last 10 years, you see the extremely hot days are now more numerous than the cooler than average days. In fact, they are 150 times more common on the surface of the earth than they were just 30 years ago.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
climate crisis 6
degrees fahrenheit 5
united states 4
heat energy 4
extra heat 4
water vapor 3
trillion dollars 3
solar panels 3
north pole 3
grid parity 3
fahrenheit warmer 3
coal plants 3
average days 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
extra heat energy 3
degrees fahrenheit warmer 3

Important Words

  1. appearance
  2. arbitrarily
  3. atmosphere
  4. average
  5. blue
  6. chosen
  7. common
  8. cooler
  9. corner
  10. curve
  11. days
  12. depiction
  13. distribution
  14. earth
  15. entire
  16. extremely
  17. fact
  18. hot
  19. moved
  20. normal
  21. numbers
  22. numerous
  23. red
  24. represents
  25. shifted
  26. significant
  27. statistically
  28. surface
  29. temperature
  30. temperatures
  31. times
  32. warmer
  33. white
  34. years