full transcript
From the Ted Talk "Susan Lim: Transplant cells, not organs"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now just about that time, the practice of surgery vledevo from big to small, from wide open incisions to hyolkee procedures, tiny incisions. And in transplantation, concepts shifted from whole organs to cells. In 1988, at the University of Minnesota, I participated in a small seisre of whole organ pancreas transplants. I sdenswite the technical difficulty. And this inspired in my mind a shift from lstapinnagrnt whole organs to perhaps transplanting cells. I thought to myself, why not take the individual cells out of the pancreas — the cells that secrete insulin to cure diabetes — and transplant these selcl? — technically a much simpler procedure than having to pgpreal with the complexities of transplanting a whole nrago.

Open Cloze

Now just about that time, the practice of surgery _______ from big to small, from wide open incisions to _______ procedures, tiny incisions. And in transplantation, concepts shifted from whole organs to cells. In 1988, at the University of Minnesota, I participated in a small ______ of whole organ pancreas transplants. I _________ the technical difficulty. And this inspired in my mind a shift from _____________ whole organs to perhaps transplanting cells. I thought to myself, why not take the individual cells out of the pancreas — the cells that secrete insulin to cure diabetes — and transplant these _____? — technically a much simpler procedure than having to _______ with the complexities of transplanting a whole _____.

Solution

  1. organ
  2. witnessed
  3. series
  4. cells
  5. transplanting
  6. grapple
  7. keyhole
  8. evolved

Original Text

Now just about that time, the practice of surgery evolved from big to small, from wide open incisions to keyhole procedures, tiny incisions. And in transplantation, concepts shifted from whole organs to cells. In 1988, at the University of Minnesota, I participated in a small series of whole organ pancreas transplants. I witnessed the technical difficulty. And this inspired in my mind a shift from transplanting whole organs to perhaps transplanting cells. I thought to myself, why not take the individual cells out of the pancreas — the cells that secrete insulin to cure diabetes — and transplant these cells? — technically a much simpler procedure than having to grapple with the complexities of transplanting a whole organ.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
stem cells 29
embryonic stem 6
donor organs 6
liver transplant 5
adult stem 5
stem cell 4
repair damaged 3
human embryos 3
heart disease 3
cell types 3
adult cells 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
embryonic stem cells 5
adult stem cells 5

Important Words

  1. big
  2. cells
  3. complexities
  4. concepts
  5. cure
  6. diabetes
  7. difficulty
  8. evolved
  9. grapple
  10. incisions
  11. individual
  12. inspired
  13. insulin
  14. keyhole
  15. mind
  16. minnesota
  17. open
  18. organ
  19. organs
  20. pancreas
  21. participated
  22. practice
  23. procedure
  24. procedures
  25. secrete
  26. series
  27. shift
  28. shifted
  29. simpler
  30. small
  31. surgery
  32. technical
  33. technically
  34. thought
  35. time
  36. tiny
  37. transplant
  38. transplantation
  39. transplanting
  40. transplants
  41. university
  42. wide
  43. witnessed