full transcript
From the Ted Talk "James B. Glattfelder: Who controls the world?"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

Interestingly, complex systems are very hard to map into aatalmciehmt equations, so the uulas physics approach doesn't really work here. So what do we know about complex systems? Well, it turns out that what looks like complex behavior from the outside is actually the result of a few eilpms rules of interaction. This means you can forget about the equations and just start to understand the esymst by looking at the interactions, so you can actually forget about the equations and you just start to look at the interactions. And it gets even better, because most oecxlmp teysssm have this amazing property called emergence. So this means that the system as a whole sluenydd starts to show a bevohira which cannot be nootdrsedu or predicted by looking at the components of the system. So the whole is literally more than the sum of its parts. And all of this also means that you can forget about the individual parts of the system, how complex they are. So if it's a cell or a termite or a bird, you just focus on the rules of interaction.

#### Open Cloze

Interestingly, complex systems are very hard to map into ____________ equations, so the _____ physics approach doesn't really work here. So what do we know about complex systems? Well, it turns out that what looks like complex behavior from the outside is actually the result of a few ______ rules of interaction. This means you can forget about the equations and just start to understand the ______ by looking at the interactions, so you can actually forget about the equations and you just start to look at the interactions. And it gets even better, because most _______ _______ have this amazing property called emergence. So this means that the system as a whole ________ starts to show a ________ which cannot be __________ or predicted by looking at the components of the system. So the whole is literally more than the sum of its parts. And all of this also means that you can forget about the individual parts of the system, how complex they are. So if it's a cell or a termite or a bird, you just focus on the rules of interaction.

#### Solution

1. mathematical
2. suddenly
3. system
4. understood
5. complex
6. systems
7. behavior
8. simple
9. usual

#### Original Text

Interestingly, complex systems are very hard to map into mathematical equations, so the usual physics approach doesn't really work here. So what do we know about complex systems? Well, it turns out that what looks like complex behavior from the outside is actually the result of a few simple rules of interaction. This means you can forget about the equations and just start to understand the system by looking at the interactions, so you can actually forget about the equations and you just start to look at the interactions. And it gets even better, because most complex systems have this amazing property called emergence. So this means that the system as a whole suddenly starts to show a behavior which cannot be understood or predicted by looking at the components of the system. So the whole is literally more than the sum of its parts. And all of this also means that you can forget about the individual parts of the system, how complex they are. So if it's a cell or a termite or a bird, you just focus on the rules of interaction.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
complex systems 7
ownership networks 5
top players 3
high degree 3

#### Important Words

1. amazing
2. approach
3. behavior
4. bird
5. called
6. cell
7. complex
8. components
9. emergence
10. equations
11. focus
12. forget
13. hard
14. individual
15. interaction
16. interactions
17. interestingly
18. literally
19. map
20. mathematical
21. means
22. parts
23. physics
24. predicted
25. property
26. result
27. rules
28. show
29. simple
30. start
31. starts
32. suddenly
33. sum
34. system
35. systems
36. termite
37. turns
38. understand
39. understood
40. usual
41. work