full transcript

From the Ted Talk by VS Ramachandran: 3 clues to understanding your brain

Unscramble the Blue Letters

OK. Now that syndrome is well known as caused by daamge to the fusiform gyrus. But there's another rare syndrome, so rare, in fact, that very few physicians have heard about it, not even neurologists. This is called the Capgras delusion, and that is a patient, who's otherwise completely normal, has had a head irnjuy, comes out of coma, otherwise ceotmllepy normal, he looks at his mother and says, "This looks exactly like my mother, this woman, but she's an impostor. She's some other woman pedennirtg to be my mother." Now, why does this happen? Why would somebody — and this person is perfectly lucid and intelligent in all other respects, but when he sees his mother, his delusion kicks in and says, it's not meothr.

Open Cloze

OK. Now that syndrome is well known as caused by ______ to the fusiform gyrus. But there's another rare syndrome, so rare, in fact, that very few physicians have heard about it, not even neurologists. This is called the Capgras delusion, and that is a patient, who's otherwise completely normal, has had a head ______, comes out of coma, otherwise __________ normal, he looks at his mother and says, "This looks exactly like my mother, this woman, but she's an impostor. She's some other woman __________ to be my mother." Now, why does this happen? Why would somebody — and this person is perfectly lucid and intelligent in all other respects, but when he sees his mother, his delusion kicks in and says, it's not ______.

Solution

  1. mother
  2. pretending
  3. injury
  4. completely
  5. damage

Original Text

OK. Now that syndrome is well known as caused by damage to the fusiform gyrus. But there's another rare syndrome, so rare, in fact, that very few physicians have heard about it, not even neurologists. This is called the Capgras delusion, and that is a patient, who's otherwise completely normal, has had a head injury, comes out of coma, otherwise completely normal, he looks at his mother and says, "This looks exactly like my mother, this woman, but she's an impostor. She's some other woman pretending to be my mother." Now, why does this happen? Why would somebody — and this person is perfectly lucid and intelligent in all other respects, but when he sees his mother, his delusion kicks in and says, it's not mother.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
phantom limb 6
fusiform gyrus 4
visual areas 4
phantom arm 4
structure called 3
galvanic skin 3
paralyzed phantom 3
cross wiring 3
human brain 2
small region 2
syndrome called 2
face area 2
woman pretending 2
standard freudian 2
freudian view 2
latent sexual 2
sexual urges 2
sexually aroused 2
message cascades 2
emotional core 2
autonomic nervous 2
nervous system 2
start sweating 2
normal people 2
skin response 2
phantom limbs 2
sensory experience 2
visual feedback 2
learned paralysis 2
mirror box 2
normal hand 2
called synesthesia 2
martian alphabet 2
hair cells 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
standard freudian view 2
latent sexual urges 2
autonomic nervous system 2
galvanic skin response 2

Important Words

  1. called
  2. capgras
  3. caused
  4. coma
  5. completely
  6. damage
  7. delusion
  8. fact
  9. fusiform
  10. gyrus
  11. happen
  12. head
  13. heard
  14. impostor
  15. injury
  16. intelligent
  17. kicks
  18. lucid
  19. mother
  20. neurologists
  21. normal
  22. patient
  23. perfectly
  24. person
  25. physicians
  26. pretending
  27. rare
  28. respects
  29. sees
  30. syndrome
  31. woman