full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Alex Gendler: A brief history of chess

Unscramble the Blue Letters

While our earliest records of chess are in the 7th century, legend tells that the game’s origins lie a crtenuy earlier. soleuspdpy, when the youngest prcnie of the Gupta Empire was killed in battle, his brother disveed a way of representing the sence to their gevriing mother. Set on the 8x8 ashtapada board used for other ppolaur pastimes, a new game emerged with two key features: different rules for moving different types of pieces, and a slgnie king piece whose fate determined the outcome. The game was originally known as chaturanga– a Sanskrit word for "four divisions." But with its spread to Sassanid Persia, it acquired its cnuerrt name and terminology– "chess," derived from "shah," meaning king, and “checkmate” from "shah mat," or “the king is helpless.”

Open Cloze

While our earliest records of chess are in the 7th century, legend tells that the game’s origins lie a _______ earlier. __________, when the youngest ______ of the Gupta Empire was killed in battle, his brother _______ a way of representing the _____ to their ________ mother. Set on the 8x8 ashtapada board used for other _______ pastimes, a new game emerged with two key features: different rules for moving different types of pieces, and a ______ king piece whose fate determined the outcome. The game was originally known as chaturanga– a Sanskrit word for "four divisions." But with its spread to Sassanid Persia, it acquired its _______ name and terminology– "chess," derived from "shah," meaning king, and “checkmate” from "shah mat," or “the king is helpless.”

Solution

  1. current
  2. grieving
  3. prince
  4. supposedly
  5. popular
  6. devised
  7. scene
  8. single
  9. century

Original Text

While our earliest records of chess are in the 7th century, legend tells that the game’s origins lie a century earlier. Supposedly, when the youngest prince of the Gupta Empire was killed in battle, his brother devised a way of representing the scene to their grieving mother. Set on the 8x8 ashtapada board used for other popular pastimes, a new game emerged with two key features: different rules for moving different types of pieces, and a single king piece whose fate determined the outcome. The game was originally known as chaturanga– a Sanskrit word for "four divisions." But with its spread to Sassanid Persia, it acquired its current name and terminology– "chess," derived from "shah," meaning king, and “checkmate” from "shah mat," or “the king is helpless.”

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

Important Words

  1. acquired
  2. ashtapada
  3. battle
  4. board
  5. brother
  6. century
  7. chess
  8. current
  9. derived
  10. determined
  11. devised
  12. divisions
  13. earlier
  14. earliest
  15. emerged
  16. empire
  17. fate
  18. game
  19. grieving
  20. gupta
  21. helpless
  22. key
  23. killed
  24. king
  25. legend
  26. lie
  27. mat
  28. meaning
  29. mother
  30. moving
  31. originally
  32. origins
  33. outcome
  34. pastimes
  35. persia
  36. piece
  37. pieces
  38. popular
  39. prince
  40. records
  41. representing
  42. rules
  43. sanskrit
  44. sassanid
  45. scene
  46. set
  47. single
  48. spread
  49. supposedly
  50. tells
  51. types
  52. word
  53. youngest