full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Constantine N. Vaporis: A day in the life of a teenage samurai

Unscramble the Blue Letters

After finishing his pcriatce at home, he bids his father goodbye and walks to school. His father is preparing to accompany the dmaiyo to the capital. The Tokugawa shogun, head of the Japanese military gevnremnot, rieueqrs all the regional rulers to alternate years between their castle town in the home domain and the ctaapil city. The costly treks back and forth keep the daimyo sntdoiuarbe and prevent them from building up their own marlitiy forces to cngleahle the stuanoghe. The daimyo’s wife and children live in the capital full time, where they serve as hostages to ensure his loyalty. But the practice doesn’t just affect the daimyo— it determines much of the rhythm of life in Japan. Samurai must accompany the daimyo to Edo. This year it’s Banshirô’s father’s turn to go, and Banshirô is desperate to go with him; but given that he’s still in training, he’ll need permission from both his father and the domain.

Open Cloze

After finishing his ________ at home, he bids his father goodbye and walks to school. His father is preparing to accompany the ______ to the capital. The Tokugawa shogun, head of the Japanese military __________, ________ all the regional rulers to alternate years between their castle town in the home domain and the _______ city. The costly treks back and forth keep the daimyo ___________ and prevent them from building up their own ________ forces to _________ the _________. The daimyo’s wife and children live in the capital full time, where they serve as hostages to ensure his loyalty. But the practice doesn’t just affect the daimyo— it determines much of the rhythm of life in Japan. Samurai must accompany the daimyo to Edo. This year it’s Banshirô’s father’s turn to go, and Banshirô is desperate to go with him; but given that he’s still in training, he’ll need permission from both his father and the domain.

Solution

  1. challenge
  2. requires
  3. shogunate
  4. capital
  5. government
  6. daimyo
  7. practice
  8. military
  9. subordinate

Original Text

After finishing his practice at home, he bids his father goodbye and walks to school. His father is preparing to accompany the daimyo to the capital. The Tokugawa shogun, head of the Japanese military government, requires all the regional rulers to alternate years between their castle town in the home domain and the capital city. The costly treks back and forth keep the daimyo subordinate and prevent them from building up their own military forces to challenge the shogunate. The daimyo’s wife and children live in the capital full time, where they serve as hostages to ensure his loyalty. But the practice doesn’t just affect the daimyo— it determines much of the rhythm of life in Japan. Samurai must accompany the daimyo to Edo. This year it’s Banshirô’s father’s turn to go, and Banshirô is desperate to go with him; but given that he’s still in training, he’ll need permission from both his father and the domain.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
long sword 2
capital city 2
castle town 2
martial arts 2
banshirô feels 2
feels confident 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
banshirô feels confident 2

Important Words

  1. accompany
  2. affect
  3. alternate
  4. banshirô
  5. bids
  6. building
  7. capital
  8. castle
  9. challenge
  10. children
  11. city
  12. costly
  13. daimyo
  14. desperate
  15. determines
  16. domain
  17. edo
  18. ensure
  19. father
  20. finishing
  21. forces
  22. full
  23. goodbye
  24. government
  25. head
  26. home
  27. hostages
  28. japan
  29. japanese
  30. life
  31. live
  32. loyalty
  33. military
  34. permission
  35. practice
  36. preparing
  37. prevent
  38. regional
  39. requires
  40. rhythm
  41. rulers
  42. samurai
  43. school
  44. serve
  45. shogun
  46. shogunate
  47. subordinate
  48. time
  49. tokugawa
  50. town
  51. training
  52. treks
  53. turn
  54. walks
  55. wife
  56. year
  57. years