full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Ed Boyden: A light switch for neurons"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So how are we going to svole this? We're going to do exactly what we outlined in the poueirvs slide. We're going to take these blue light photosensors and install them on a layer of clels in the middle of the retina in the back of the eye and convert them into a camera — just like installing solar cells all over those nreouns to make them light sensitive. Light is cvrtenoed to electricity on them. So this mouse was blind a couple wekes before this experiment and received one dose of this photosensitive molecule in a virus. And now you can see, the animal can indeed avoid walls and go to this little platform and make cognitive use of its eyes again. And to point out the power of this: these animals are able to get to that platform just as fast as animals that have seen their etirne leivs. So this pre-clinical study, I think, bodes hope for the kinds of things we're hoping to do in the future.

Open Cloze

So how are we going to _____ this? We're going to do exactly what we outlined in the ________ slide. We're going to take these blue light photosensors and install them on a layer of _____ in the middle of the retina in the back of the eye and convert them into a camera — just like installing solar cells all over those _______ to make them light sensitive. Light is _________ to electricity on them. So this mouse was blind a couple _____ before this experiment and received one dose of this photosensitive molecule in a virus. And now you can see, the animal can indeed avoid walls and go to this little platform and make cognitive use of its eyes again. And to point out the power of this: these animals are able to get to that platform just as fast as animals that have seen their ______ _____. So this pre-clinical study, I think, bodes hope for the kinds of things we're hoping to do in the future.

Solution

  1. neurons
  2. cells
  3. lives
  4. previous
  5. entire
  6. converted
  7. weeks
  8. solve

Original Text

So how are we going to solve this? We're going to do exactly what we outlined in the previous slide. We're going to take these blue light photosensors and install them on a layer of cells in the middle of the retina in the back of the eye and convert them into a camera — just like installing solar cells all over those neurons to make them light sensitive. Light is converted to electricity on them. So this mouse was blind a couple weeks before this experiment and received one dose of this photosensitive molecule in a virus. And now you can see, the animal can indeed avoid walls and go to this little platform and make cognitive use of its eyes again. And to point out the power of this: these animals are able to get to that platform just as fast as animals that have seen their entire lives. So this pre-clinical study, I think, bodes hope for the kinds of things we're hoping to do in the future.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
blue light 6
brain disorders 3
ultra precise 3
precise control 3
pre clinical 3
eye spot 3
gene therapy 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
ultra precise control 3

Important Words

  1. animal
  2. animals
  3. avoid
  4. blind
  5. blue
  6. bodes
  7. camera
  8. cells
  9. cognitive
  10. convert
  11. converted
  12. couple
  13. dose
  14. electricity
  15. entire
  16. experiment
  17. eye
  18. eyes
  19. fast
  20. future
  21. hope
  22. hoping
  23. install
  24. installing
  25. kinds
  26. layer
  27. light
  28. lives
  29. middle
  30. molecule
  31. mouse
  32. neurons
  33. outlined
  34. photosensitive
  35. photosensors
  36. platform
  37. point
  38. power
  39. previous
  40. received
  41. retina
  42. sensitive
  43. slide
  44. solar
  45. solve
  46. study
  47. virus
  48. walls
  49. weeks