full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Paula Hammond: A new superweapon in the fight against cancer

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So, here's our strategy. First, we'll dose the cancer cell with siRNA, the gene blocker, and snielce those survival geens, and then we'll whop it with a chemo drug. But how do we crary that out? Using molecular engineering, we can actually design a superweapon that can travel through the bloodstream. It has to be tiny enough to get through the brtedaoolsm, it's got to be small enough to penetrate the tmour tissue, and it's got to be tiny enough to be taken up inside the cancer cell. To do this job well, it has to be about one one-hundredth the size of a human hair.

Open Cloze

So, here's our strategy. First, we'll dose the cancer cell with siRNA, the gene blocker, and _______ those survival _____, and then we'll whop it with a chemo drug. But how do we _____ that out? Using molecular engineering, we can actually design a superweapon that can travel through the bloodstream. It has to be tiny enough to get through the ___________, it's got to be small enough to penetrate the _____ tissue, and it's got to be tiny enough to be taken up inside the cancer cell. To do this job well, it has to be about one one-hundredth the size of a human hair.

Solution

  1. tumor
  2. genes
  3. bloodstream
  4. silence
  5. carry

Original Text

So, here's our strategy. First, we'll dose the cancer cell with siRNA, the gene blocker, and silence those survival genes, and then we'll whop it with a chemo drug. But how do we carry that out? Using molecular engineering, we can actually design a superweapon that can travel through the bloodstream. It has to be tiny enough to get through the bloodstream, it's got to be small enough to penetrate the tumor tissue, and it's got to be tiny enough to be taken up inside the cancer cell. To do this job well, it has to be about one one-hundredth the size of a human hair.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
cancer cell 7
breast cancer 3
ovarian cancer 3
aggressive forms 2
gene blockers 2
chemotherapy drug 2
protective layer 2
foreign object 2
tumor defense 2
tumor cell 2
cancer drug 2

Important Words

  1. blocker
  2. bloodstream
  3. cancer
  4. carry
  5. cell
  6. chemo
  7. design
  8. dose
  9. drug
  10. engineering
  11. gene
  12. genes
  13. hair
  14. human
  15. job
  16. molecular
  17. penetrate
  18. silence
  19. sirna
  20. size
  21. small
  22. strategy
  23. superweapon
  24. survival
  25. tiny
  26. tissue
  27. travel
  28. tumor
  29. whop