full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Auke Ijspeert: A robot that runs and swims like a salamander"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So it's good to start with spmlie animals like lampreys, which are very primitive fish, and then grudallay go toward more complex locomotion, like in saelmarands, but also in cats and in humans, in mammals. And here, a robot becomes an ietsiretnng tool to validate our models. And in fact, for me, Pleurobot is a kind of dream becoming true. Like, more or less 20 yeras ago I was already working on a computer miakng simulations of lamprey and salamander locomotion during my PhD. But I always knew that my soiaumtnlis were just approximations. Like, simulating the phcsyis in water or with mud or with complex ground, it's very hard to simulate that properly on a computer. Why not have a real rboot and real physics? So among all these animals, one of my favorites is the salamander. You might ask why, and it's because as an amphibian, it's a really key animal from an evolutionary point of view. It makes a wonderful link between swimming, as you find it in eels or fish, and quadruped locomotion, as you see in mammals, in cats and humans. And in fact, the mdoern salamander is very close to the first taesrretirl vertebrate, so it's almost a living fsosil, which gives us access to our ancestor, the ancestor to all terrestrial tetrapods.

Open Cloze

So it's good to start with ______ animals like lampreys, which are very primitive fish, and then _________ go toward more complex locomotion, like in ___________, but also in cats and in humans, in mammals. And here, a robot becomes an ___________ tool to validate our models. And in fact, for me, Pleurobot is a kind of dream becoming true. Like, more or less 20 _____ ago I was already working on a computer ______ simulations of lamprey and salamander locomotion during my PhD. But I always knew that my ___________ were just approximations. Like, simulating the _______ in water or with mud or with complex ground, it's very hard to simulate that properly on a computer. Why not have a real _____ and real physics? So among all these animals, one of my favorites is the salamander. You might ask why, and it's because as an amphibian, it's a really key animal from an evolutionary point of view. It makes a wonderful link between swimming, as you find it in eels or fish, and quadruped locomotion, as you see in mammals, in cats and humans. And in fact, the ______ salamander is very close to the first ___________ vertebrate, so it's almost a living ______, which gives us access to our ancestor, the ancestor to all terrestrial tetrapods.

Solution

  1. robot
  2. physics
  3. simulations
  4. modern
  5. simple
  6. making
  7. years
  8. interesting
  9. salamanders
  10. gradually
  11. fossil
  12. terrestrial

Original Text

So it's good to start with simple animals like lampreys, which are very primitive fish, and then gradually go toward more complex locomotion, like in salamanders, but also in cats and in humans, in mammals. And here, a robot becomes an interesting tool to validate our models. And in fact, for me, Pleurobot is a kind of dream becoming true. Like, more or less 20 years ago I was already working on a computer making simulations of lamprey and salamander locomotion during my PhD. But I always knew that my simulations were just approximations. Like, simulating the physics in water or with mud or with complex ground, it's very hard to simulate that properly on a computer. Why not have a real robot and real physics? So among all these animals, one of my favorites is the salamander. You might ask why, and it's because as an amphibian, it's a really key animal from an evolutionary point of view. It makes a wonderful link between swimming, as you find it in eels or fish, and quadruped locomotion, as you see in mammals, in cats and humans. And in fact, the modern salamander is very close to the first terrestrial vertebrate, so it's almost a living fossil, which gives us access to our ancestor, the ancestor to all terrestrial tetrapods.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
spinal cord 27
scientific tool 4
descending modulation 3
salamander locomotion 3
real animal 3

Important Words

  1. access
  2. amphibian
  3. ancestor
  4. animal
  5. animals
  6. approximations
  7. cats
  8. close
  9. complex
  10. computer
  11. dream
  12. eels
  13. evolutionary
  14. fact
  15. favorites
  16. find
  17. fish
  18. fossil
  19. good
  20. gradually
  21. ground
  22. hard
  23. humans
  24. interesting
  25. key
  26. kind
  27. knew
  28. lamprey
  29. lampreys
  30. link
  31. living
  32. locomotion
  33. making
  34. mammals
  35. models
  36. modern
  37. mud
  38. phd
  39. physics
  40. pleurobot
  41. point
  42. primitive
  43. properly
  44. quadruped
  45. real
  46. robot
  47. salamander
  48. salamanders
  49. simple
  50. simulate
  51. simulating
  52. simulations
  53. start
  54. swimming
  55. terrestrial
  56. tetrapods
  57. tool
  58. true
  59. validate
  60. vertebrate
  61. view
  62. water
  63. wonderful
  64. working
  65. years