full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Nikolai Begg: A tool to fix one of the most dangerous moments in surgery

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So when I got to gdtaarue school, this is what I wanted to work on. I was trying to explain to a friend of mine what exactly I was snepdnig my time doing, and I said, "It's like when you're drilling through a wall to hang something in your apartment. There's that moment when the drill first punctures through the wall and there's this pugnle. Right? And he looked at me and he said, "You mean like when they drill into people's brians?" And I said, "Excuse me?" (Laughter) And then I looked it up and they do drill into people's brains. A lot of neurosurgical procedures actually sartt with a drill incision through the sukll. And if the surgeon isn't cefural, he can plunge directly into the brain. So this is the moment when I started thinking, okay, cnaairl drilling, laparoscopic surgery, why not other areas of medicine? Because think about it, when was the last time you went to the doctor and you didn't get stuck with something? Right? So the truth is in medicine puncture is everywhere. And here are just a clopue of the procedures that I've found that involve some tissue puncture step. And if we take just three of them — laparoscopic surgery, epidurals, and cranial drilnlig — these procedures account for over 30,000 complications every year in this country alone. I call that a problem worth solving.

Open Cloze

So when I got to ________ school, this is what I wanted to work on. I was trying to explain to a friend of mine what exactly I was ________ my time doing, and I said, "It's like when you're drilling through a wall to hang something in your apartment. There's that moment when the drill first punctures through the wall and there's this ______. Right? And he looked at me and he said, "You mean like when they drill into people's ______?" And I said, "Excuse me?" (Laughter) And then I looked it up and they do drill into people's brains. A lot of neurosurgical procedures actually _____ with a drill incision through the _____. And if the surgeon isn't _______, he can plunge directly into the brain. So this is the moment when I started thinking, okay, _______ drilling, laparoscopic surgery, why not other areas of medicine? Because think about it, when was the last time you went to the doctor and you didn't get stuck with something? Right? So the truth is in medicine puncture is everywhere. And here are just a ______ of the procedures that I've found that involve some tissue puncture step. And if we take just three of them — laparoscopic surgery, epidurals, and cranial ________ — these procedures account for over 30,000 complications every year in this country alone. I call that a problem worth solving.

Solution

  1. brains
  2. skull
  3. drilling
  4. spending
  5. cranial
  6. careful
  7. plunge
  8. graduate
  9. start
  10. couple

Original Text

So when I got to graduate school, this is what I wanted to work on. I was trying to explain to a friend of mine what exactly I was spending my time doing, and I said, "It's like when you're drilling through a wall to hang something in your apartment. There's that moment when the drill first punctures through the wall and there's this plunge. Right? And he looked at me and he said, "You mean like when they drill into people's brains?" And I said, "Excuse me?" (Laughter) And then I looked it up and they do drill into people's brains. A lot of neurosurgical procedures actually start with a drill incision through the skull. And if the surgeon isn't careful, he can plunge directly into the brain. So this is the moment when I started thinking, okay, cranial drilling, laparoscopic surgery, why not other areas of medicine? Because think about it, when was the last time you went to the doctor and you didn't get stuck with something? Right? So the truth is in medicine puncture is everywhere. And here are just a couple of the procedures that I've found that involve some tissue puncture step. And if we take just three of them — laparoscopic surgery, epidurals, and cranial drilling — these procedures account for over 30,000 complications every year in this country alone. I call that a problem worth solving.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
laparoscopic surgery 6
operating room 4
music playing 2
fundamental physics 2
cranial drilling 2
bone marrow 2
mechanism unlocks 2
favorite quote 2

Important Words

  1. account
  2. apartment
  3. areas
  4. brain
  5. brains
  6. call
  7. careful
  8. complications
  9. country
  10. couple
  11. cranial
  12. doctor
  13. drill
  14. drilling
  15. epidurals
  16. explain
  17. friend
  18. graduate
  19. hang
  20. incision
  21. involve
  22. laparoscopic
  23. laughter
  24. looked
  25. lot
  26. medicine
  27. moment
  28. neurosurgical
  29. plunge
  30. problem
  31. procedures
  32. puncture
  33. punctures
  34. school
  35. skull
  36. solving
  37. spending
  38. start
  39. started
  40. step
  41. stuck
  42. surgeon
  43. surgery
  44. thinking
  45. time
  46. tissue
  47. truth
  48. wall
  49. wanted
  50. work
  51. worth
  52. year