full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Ajit Narayanan: A word game to communicate in any language

Unscramble the Blue Letters

All right, let's talk about something else. Let's talk about speech. This is speech. So speech is the primary mode of caimmitoncoun delivered between all of us. Now what's interesting about speech is that sepceh is one-dimensional. Why is it one-dimensional? It's one-dimensional because it's snuod. It's also one-dimensional because our mouths are built that way. Our mthous are built to create one-dimensional sound. But if you think about the brain, the thoughts that we have in our heads are not one-dimensional. I mean, we have these rich, complicated, multi-dimensional ideas. Now, it seems to me that language is really the brain's invention to convert this rich, multi-dimensional thought on one hand into speech on the other hand. Now what's interesting is that we do a lot of work in iaooifntrmn nowadays, and almost all of that is done in the language domain. Take Google, for example. Google trawls all these countless billions of websites, all of which are in English, and when you want to use Google, you go into Google search, and you type in English, and it matches the English with the English. What if we could do this in FreeSpeech instead? I have a suspicion that if we did this, we'd find that aomhirltgs like searching, like riaervetl, all of these things, are much simpler and also more eciftvefe, because they don't process the data strrcutue of speech. Instead they're processing the data structure of thought. The data structure of thought. That's a paicrtovove idea.

Open Cloze

All right, let's talk about something else. Let's talk about speech. This is speech. So speech is the primary mode of _____________ delivered between all of us. Now what's interesting about speech is that ______ is one-dimensional. Why is it one-dimensional? It's one-dimensional because it's _____. It's also one-dimensional because our mouths are built that way. Our ______ are built to create one-dimensional sound. But if you think about the brain, the thoughts that we have in our heads are not one-dimensional. I mean, we have these rich, complicated, multi-dimensional ideas. Now, it seems to me that language is really the brain's invention to convert this rich, multi-dimensional thought on one hand into speech on the other hand. Now what's interesting is that we do a lot of work in ___________ nowadays, and almost all of that is done in the language domain. Take Google, for example. Google trawls all these countless billions of websites, all of which are in English, and when you want to use Google, you go into Google search, and you type in English, and it matches the English with the English. What if we could do this in FreeSpeech instead? I have a suspicion that if we did this, we'd find that __________ like searching, like _________, all of these things, are much simpler and also more _________, because they don't process the data _________ of speech. Instead they're processing the data structure of thought. The data structure of thought. That's a ___________ idea.

Solution

  1. structure
  2. information
  3. retrieval
  4. provocative
  5. speech
  6. communication
  7. effective
  8. mouths
  9. sound
  10. algorithms

Original Text

All right, let's talk about something else. Let's talk about speech. This is speech. So speech is the primary mode of communication delivered between all of us. Now what's interesting about speech is that speech is one-dimensional. Why is it one-dimensional? It's one-dimensional because it's sound. It's also one-dimensional because our mouths are built that way. Our mouths are built to create one-dimensional sound. But if you think about the brain, the thoughts that we have in our heads are not one-dimensional. I mean, we have these rich, complicated, multi-dimensional ideas. Now, it seems to me that language is really the brain's invention to convert this rich, multi-dimensional thought on one hand into speech on the other hand. Now what's interesting is that we do a lot of work in information nowadays, and almost all of that is done in the language domain. Take Google, for example. Google trawls all these countless billions of websites, all of which are in English, and when you want to use Google, you go into Google search, and you type in English, and it matches the English with the English. What if we could do this in FreeSpeech instead? I have a suspicion that if we did this, we'd find that algorithms like searching, like retrieval, all of these things, are much simpler and also more effective, because they don't process the data structure of speech. Instead they're processing the data structure of thought. The data structure of thought. That's a provocative idea.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
data structure 3
incredible amount 2
started thinking 2
infinite amount 2
eat ice 2
interesting idea 2

Important Words

  1. algorithms
  2. billions
  3. brain
  4. built
  5. communication
  6. complicated
  7. convert
  8. countless
  9. create
  10. data
  11. delivered
  12. domain
  13. effective
  14. english
  15. find
  16. freespeech
  17. google
  18. hand
  19. heads
  20. idea
  21. ideas
  22. information
  23. interesting
  24. invention
  25. language
  26. lot
  27. matches
  28. mode
  29. mouths
  30. nowadays
  31. primary
  32. process
  33. processing
  34. provocative
  35. retrieval
  36. rich
  37. search
  38. searching
  39. simpler
  40. sound
  41. speech
  42. structure
  43. suspicion
  44. talk
  45. thought
  46. thoughts
  47. trawls
  48. type
  49. websites
  50. work