full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by David Epstein: Are athletes really getting faster, better, stronger?"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

In sports where height is prized, like baltkasbel, the tall athletes got taller. In 1983, the ntioaanl Basketball Association signed a garoburdnenikg agreement making players prentars in the league, entitled to shares of tikect revenues and teviesloin contracts. Suddenly, anybody who could be an NBA player wanetd to be, and teams setrtad scouring the goble for the bodies that could help them win championships. Almost ohgnveirt, the proportion of men in the NBA who are at least seven feet tall doubled to 10 percent. Today, one in 10 men in the NBA is at least seven feet tall, but a seven-foot-tall man is incredibly rare in the general population — so rare that if you know an American man between the ages of 20 and 40 who is at least seven feet tall, there's a 17 pcneret ccanhe he's in the NBA right now. (Laughter) That is, find six hsneot seven footers, one is in the NBA right now. And that's not the only way that NBA players' bodies are unique. This is Leonardo da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man," the ideal ppoonirrots, with arm span equal to height. My arm span is exactly equal to my height. Yours is probably very nearly so. But not the average NBA player. The average NBA paelyr is a shade under 6'7", with arms that are seven feet long. Not only are NBA players ridiculously tall, they are ludicrously long. Had lradoeno wanted to draw the Vitruvian NBA Player, he would have needed a rectangle and an ellipse, not a circle and a square.

#### Open Cloze

In sports where height is prized, like __________, the tall athletes got taller. In 1983, the ________ Basketball Association signed a ______________ agreement making players ________ in the league, entitled to shares of ______ revenues and __________ contracts. Suddenly, anybody who could be an NBA player ______ to be, and teams _______ scouring the _____ for the bodies that could help them win championships. Almost _________, the proportion of men in the NBA who are at least seven feet tall doubled to 10 percent. Today, one in 10 men in the NBA is at least seven feet tall, but a seven-foot-tall man is incredibly rare in the general population — so rare that if you know an American man between the ages of 20 and 40 who is at least seven feet tall, there's a 17 _______ ______ he's in the NBA right now. (Laughter) That is, find six ______ seven footers, one is in the NBA right now. And that's not the only way that NBA players' bodies are unique. This is Leonardo da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man," the ideal ___________, with arm span equal to height. My arm span is exactly equal to my height. Yours is probably very nearly so. But not the average NBA player. The average NBA ______ is a shade under 6'7", with arms that are seven feet long. Not only are NBA players ridiculously tall, they are ludicrously long. Had ________ wanted to draw the Vitruvian NBA Player, he would have needed a rectangle and an ellipse, not a circle and a square.

#### Solution

1. partners
2. television
4. started
5. proportions
6. percent
7. overnight
8. honest
9. player
10. chance
11. national
12. groundbreaking
13. ticket
14. wanted
15. leonardo
16. globe

#### Original Text

In sports where height is prized, like basketball, the tall athletes got taller. In 1983, the National Basketball Association signed a groundbreaking agreement making players partners in the league, entitled to shares of ticket revenues and television contracts. Suddenly, anybody who could be an NBA player wanted to be, and teams started scouring the globe for the bodies that could help them win championships. Almost overnight, the proportion of men in the NBA who are at least seven feet tall doubled to 10 percent. Today, one in 10 men in the NBA is at least seven feet tall, but a seven-foot-tall man is incredibly rare in the general population — so rare that if you know an American man between the ages of 20 and 40 who is at least seven feet tall, there's a 17 percent chance he's in the NBA right now. (Laughter) That is, find six honest seven footers, one is in the NBA right now. And that's not the only way that NBA players' bodies are unique. This is Leonardo da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man," the ideal proportions, with arm span equal to height. My arm span is exactly equal to my height. Yours is probably very nearly so. But not the average NBA player. The average NBA player is a shade under 6'7", with arms that are seven feet long. Not only are NBA players ridiculously tall, they are ludicrously long. Had Leonardo wanted to draw the Vitruvian NBA Player, he would have needed a rectangle and an ellipse, not a circle and a square.

#### ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
jesse owens 7
usain bolt 6
sir roger 5
roger bannister 5
average elite 5
ultra endurance 4
nba player 4
eddy merckx 4
body type 4
olympic marathon 3
feet tall 3
average body 3

#### ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
sir roger bannister 5
average body type 3

#### Important Words

1. ages
2. agreement
3. american
4. arm
5. arms
6. association
7. athletes
8. average
10. bodies
11. championships
12. chance
13. circle
14. contracts
15. da
16. doubled
17. draw
18. ellipse
19. entitled
20. equal
21. feet
22. find
23. footers
24. general
25. globe
26. groundbreaking
27. height
28. honest
29. ideal
30. incredibly
31. laughter
32. league
33. leonardo
34. long
35. ludicrously
36. making
37. man
38. men
39. national
40. nba
41. needed
42. overnight
43. partners
44. percent
45. player
46. players
47. population
48. prized
49. proportion
50. proportions
51. rare
52. rectangle
53. revenues
54. ridiculously
55. scouring
57. shares
58. signed
59. span
60. sports
61. square
62. started
63. suddenly
64. tall
65. taller
66. teams
67. television
68. ticket
69. today
70. unique
71. vitruvian
72. wanted
73. win