full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Wendy Chung: Autism — what we know (and what we don't know yet)

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So this provides some of the data that autism is geitenc. Well, how genetic is it? When we cmraope it to other cinodionts that we're familiar with, things like cancer, heart disease, diabetes, in fact, genetics plays a much lgarer role in autism than it does in any of these other conditions. But with this, that doesn't tell us what the gnees are. It doesn't even tell us in any one child, is it one gene or potentially a combination of genes? And so in fact, in some individuals with autism, it is genetic! That is, that it is one single, powerful, deterministic gene that causes the autism. However, in other individuals, it's genetic, that is, that it's actually a combination of genes in part with the developmental process that ultimately determines that risk for aitusm. We don't know in any one person, necessarily, which of those two answers it is until we start digging deeper.

Open Cloze

So this provides some of the data that autism is _______. Well, how genetic is it? When we _______ it to other __________ that we're familiar with, things like cancer, heart disease, diabetes, in fact, genetics plays a much ______ role in autism than it does in any of these other conditions. But with this, that doesn't tell us what the _____ are. It doesn't even tell us in any one child, is it one gene or potentially a combination of genes? And so in fact, in some individuals with autism, it is genetic! That is, that it is one single, powerful, deterministic gene that causes the autism. However, in other individuals, it's genetic, that is, that it's actually a combination of genes in part with the developmental process that ultimately determines that risk for ______. We don't know in any one person, necessarily, which of those two answers it is until we start digging deeper.

Solution

  1. autism
  2. compare
  3. larger
  4. genetic
  5. conditions
  6. genes

Original Text

So this provides some of the data that autism is genetic. Well, how genetic is it? When we compare it to other conditions that we're familiar with, things like cancer, heart disease, diabetes, in fact, genetics plays a much larger role in autism than it does in any of these other conditions. But with this, that doesn't tell us what the genes are. It doesn't even tell us in any one child, is it one gene or potentially a combination of genes? And so in fact, in some individuals with autism, it is genetic! That is, that it is one single, powerful, deterministic gene that causes the autism. However, in other individuals, it's genetic, that is, that it's actually a combination of genes in part with the developmental process that ultimately determines that risk for autism. We don't know in any one person, necessarily, which of those two answers it is until we start digging deeper.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
eye contact 4
concordance rate 3
genetic information 3
autism spectrum 2
spectrum disorder 2
fraternal twins 2
genes causing 2
causing autism 2
brain functions 2
good eye 2
develop autism 2
google glass 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
autism spectrum disorder 2
genes causing autism 2
good eye contact 2

Important Words

  1. answers
  2. autism
  3. cancer
  4. child
  5. combination
  6. compare
  7. conditions
  8. data
  9. deeper
  10. determines
  11. deterministic
  12. developmental
  13. diabetes
  14. digging
  15. disease
  16. fact
  17. familiar
  18. gene
  19. genes
  20. genetic
  21. genetics
  22. heart
  23. individuals
  24. larger
  25. necessarily
  26. part
  27. person
  28. plays
  29. potentially
  30. powerful
  31. process
  32. risk
  33. role
  34. single
  35. start
  36. ultimately