full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Eldridge Adams: Can animals be deceptive?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

There are fewer solid cases of animals using signals to trick members of their own species, but that happens too. Consider the mantis shrimp. Like other crustaceans, it molts as it grows, which leaves its soft body vulnerable to attack. But it’s still diervn to pteroct its home against rivals. So it has become a masterful bluffer. Despite being fragile, a nelwy molted shrimp is actually more likely to threaten intruders, spreading the large limbs it usually uses to sirtke or stab its oenntopps. And that works – bluffers are more likely to keep their hoems than non-bluffers.

Open Cloze

There are fewer solid cases of animals using signals to trick members of their own species, but that happens too. Consider the mantis shrimp. Like other crustaceans, it molts as it grows, which leaves its soft body vulnerable to attack. But it’s still ______ to _______ its home against rivals. So it has become a masterful bluffer. Despite being fragile, a _____ molted shrimp is actually more likely to threaten intruders, spreading the large limbs it usually uses to ______ or stab its _________. And that works – bluffers are more likely to keep their _____ than non-bluffers.

Solution

  1. opponents
  2. homes
  3. newly
  4. driven
  5. strike
  6. protect

Original Text

There are fewer solid cases of animals using signals to trick members of their own species, but that happens too. Consider the mantis shrimp. Like other crustaceans, it molts as it grows, which leaves its soft body vulnerable to attack. But it’s still driven to protect its home against rivals. So it has become a masterful bluffer. Despite being fragile, a newly molted shrimp is actually more likely to threaten intruders, spreading the large limbs it usually uses to strike or stab its opponents. And that works – bluffers are more likely to keep their homes than non-bluffers.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
mantis shrimp 4
animal deception 2
newly molted 2

Important Words

  1. animals
  2. attack
  3. bluffer
  4. bluffers
  5. body
  6. cases
  7. crustaceans
  8. driven
  9. fragile
  10. grows
  11. home
  12. homes
  13. intruders
  14. large
  15. leaves
  16. limbs
  17. mantis
  18. masterful
  19. members
  20. molted
  21. molts
  22. newly
  23. opponents
  24. protect
  25. rivals
  26. shrimp
  27. signals
  28. soft
  29. solid
  30. species
  31. spreading
  32. stab
  33. strike
  34. threaten
  35. trick
  36. vulnerable
  37. works