full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Leor Weinberger: Can we create vaccines that mutate and spread?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

The fundamental problem that we face in controlling these outbreaks is that viruses and other ifitoenncs do two things really well: they mutate and they transmit. Our medical tools do neither of these two things. Our medical tools don't mutate or transmit. We have a fundamental macmisth between our tools, which are static, and the infections, which are damiync. This mismatch is why we're always flat-footed. This mismatch is why we're playing catch-up. And this mismatch is universal. It's the rsaeon that we have antibiotic-resistant infections that killed 40,000 Americans last year, and it's the reason that the flu vaccine couldn't prevent the flu from killing 60,000 Americans last year. So how do we revlsoe this fundamental mismatch?

Open Cloze

The fundamental problem that we face in controlling these outbreaks is that viruses and other __________ do two things really well: they mutate and they transmit. Our medical tools do neither of these two things. Our medical tools don't mutate or transmit. We have a fundamental ________ between our tools, which are static, and the infections, which are _______. This mismatch is why we're always flat-footed. This mismatch is why we're playing catch-up. And this mismatch is universal. It's the ______ that we have antibiotic-resistant infections that killed 40,000 Americans last year, and it's the reason that the flu vaccine couldn't prevent the flu from killing 60,000 Americans last year. So how do we _______ this fundamental mismatch?

Solution

  1. dynamic
  2. infections
  3. resolve
  4. mismatch
  5. reason

Original Text

The fundamental problem that we face in controlling these outbreaks is that viruses and other infections do two things really well: they mutate and they transmit. Our medical tools do neither of these two things. Our medical tools don't mutate or transmit. We have a fundamental mismatch between our tools, which are static, and the infections, which are dynamic. This mismatch is why we're always flat-footed. This mismatch is why we're playing catch-up. And this mismatch is universal. It's the reason that we have antibiotic-resistant infections that killed 40,000 Americans last year, and it's the reason that the flu vaccine couldn't prevent the flu from killing 60,000 Americans last year. So how do we resolve this fundamental mismatch?

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
hijacker therapy 6
fundamental mismatch 5
instruction set 5
genetic material 5
amputated instruction 4
oral polio 3
medical tools 2
build therapies 2
african scientists 2
face enormous 2
hiv levels 2
eradicated polio 2
polio vaccine 2
vaccine faced 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
amputated instruction set 3
oral polio vaccine 2
polio vaccine faced 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
oral polio vaccine faced 2

Important Words

  1. americans
  2. controlling
  3. dynamic
  4. face
  5. flu
  6. fundamental
  7. infections
  8. killed
  9. killing
  10. medical
  11. mismatch
  12. mutate
  13. outbreaks
  14. playing
  15. prevent
  16. problem
  17. reason
  18. resolve
  19. static
  20. tools
  21. transmit
  22. universal
  23. vaccine
  24. viruses
  25. year