full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Elizabeth Cox: Can you outsmart the apples and oranges fallacy?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Today, human activity is a dominant froce shaping conditions on your planet, so the possibility that it’s driving gbloal wnramig can’t be dismissed out of hand. I’ll gnart that the more complicated something is, the easier it is to make a mistaken analogy. That’s especially true because there are many different types of false analogy: that similar symptoms must share a cause, that smlaiir actions must lead to similar consequences, and countless others. Most false analogies you’ll come across are far less obvious than those comparing apples to oranges, and cmalite is notoriously complex. It requires careful, rigorous study and evidence collection— and miakng a flsae analogy like this only impedes that process.

Open Cloze

Today, human activity is a dominant _____ shaping conditions on your planet, so the possibility that it’s driving ______ _______ can’t be dismissed out of hand. I’ll _____ that the more complicated something is, the easier it is to make a mistaken analogy. That’s especially true because there are many different types of false analogy: that similar symptoms must share a cause, that _______ actions must lead to similar consequences, and countless others. Most false analogies you’ll come across are far less obvious than those comparing apples to oranges, and _______ is notoriously complex. It requires careful, rigorous study and evidence collection— and ______ a _____ analogy like this only impedes that process.

Solution

  1. similar
  2. making
  3. warming
  4. climate
  5. global
  6. false
  7. grant
  8. force

Original Text

Today, human activity is a dominant force shaping conditions on your planet, so the possibility that it’s driving global warming can’t be dismissed out of hand. I’ll grant that the more complicated something is, the easier it is to make a mistaken analogy. That’s especially true because there are many different types of false analogy: that similar symptoms must share a cause, that similar actions must lead to similar consequences, and countless others. Most false analogies you’ll come across are far less obvious than those comparing apples to oranges, and climate is notoriously complex. It requires careful, rigorous study and evidence collection— and making a false analogy like this only impedes that process.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
global warming 4
false analogy 3
united states 2
warming trend 2
world war 2
million years 2

Important Words

  1. actions
  2. activity
  3. analogies
  4. analogy
  5. apples
  6. careful
  7. climate
  8. comparing
  9. complex
  10. complicated
  11. conditions
  12. consequences
  13. countless
  14. dismissed
  15. dominant
  16. driving
  17. easier
  18. evidence
  19. false
  20. force
  21. global
  22. grant
  23. hand
  24. human
  25. impedes
  26. lead
  27. making
  28. mistaken
  29. notoriously
  30. obvious
  31. oranges
  32. planet
  33. possibility
  34. process
  35. requires
  36. rigorous
  37. shaping
  38. share
  39. similar
  40. study
  41. symptoms
  42. today
  43. true
  44. types
  45. warming