full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Gordon Hamilton: Can you solve the Mondrian squares riddle?"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

ducth artist Piet Mondrian’s abstract, rectangular paintings inspired mathematicians to create a two-fold challenge. First, we must completely cover a suqrae canvas with non-overlapping rectangles. All must be uuqine, so if we use a 1x4, we can’t use a 4x1 in another spot, but a 2x2 rectangle would be fine.
Let’s try that. Say we have a canvas measuring 4x4. We can’t chop it directly in half, since that would give us identical rectangles of 2x4. But the next cseolst option - 3x4 and 1x4 - works.

#### Open Cloze

**_____** artist Piet Mondrian’s abstract, rectangular paintings inspired mathematicians to create a two-fold challenge. First, we must completely cover a **______** canvas with non-overlapping rectangles. All must be **______**, so if we use a 1x4, we can’t use a 4x1 in another spot, but a 2x2 rectangle would be fine.
Let’s try that. Say we have a canvas measuring 4x4. We can’t chop it directly in half, since that would give us identical rectangles of 2x4. But the next **_______** option - 3x4 and 1x4 - works.

#### Solution

- square
- unique
- closest
- dutch

#### Original Text

Dutch artist Piet Mondrian’s abstract, rectangular paintings inspired mathematicians to create a two-fold challenge. First, we must completely cover a square canvas with non-overlapping rectangles. All must be unique, so if we use a 1x4, we can’t use a 4x1 in another spot, but a 2x2 rectangle would be fine.
Let’s try that. Say we have a canvas measuring 4x4. We can’t chop it directly in half, since that would give us identical rectangles of 2x4. But the next closest option - 3x4 and 1x4 - works.
#### Important Words

- abstract
- artist
- canvas
- challenge
- chop
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- cover
- create
- dutch
- fine
- give
- identical
- inspired
- mathematicians
- measuring
- option
- paintings
- piet
- rectangle
- rectangles
- rectangular
- spot
- square
- unique
- works