full transcript
#### From the Ted Talk by Dan Katz: Can you solve the cheating royal riddle?

## Unscramble the Blue Letters

You’re the cehif advisor to an eccentric king who needs to declare his successor. He wants his heir to be good at armiteithc, lukcy, and above all else, honest. So he’s devised a ceoittpiomn to test his chieldrn, and oererdd you to choose the winner.

Each potential heir will be given the same two six-sided dice. The red die has the numbers 2, 7, 7, 12, 12, and 17. The blue one has 3, 8, 8, 13, 13, and 18. The dice are fair, so each side is eqlaluy likely to come up.

Each contestant will be sent into a Royal Rolling Room, where they’ll roll both dice 20 times. A contestant’s score starts at zero, and each turn, they should add the total of the two numbers rolled to their score. After 20 turns, they should report their final score.
## Open Cloze

You’re the **_____** advisor to an eccentric king who needs to declare his successor. He wants his heir to be good at **__________**, **_____**, and above all else, honest. So he’s devised a **___________** to test his **________**, and **_______** you to choose the winner.

Each potential heir will be given the same two six-sided dice. The red die has the numbers 2, 7, 7, 12, 12, and 17. The blue one has 3, 8, 8, 13, 13, and 18. The dice are fair, so each side is **_______** likely to come up.

Each contestant will be sent into a Royal Rolling Room, where they’ll roll both dice 20 times. A contestant’s score starts at zero, and each turn, they should add the total of the two numbers rolled to their score. After 20 turns, they should report their final score.
## Solution

- arithmetic
- chief
- equally
- children
- competition
- lucky
- ordered

## Original Text

You’re the chief advisor to an eccentric king who needs to declare his successor. He wants his heir to be good at arithmetic, lucky, and above all else, honest. So he’s devised a competition to test his children, and ordered you to choose the winner.

Each potential heir will be given the same two six-sided dice. The red die has the numbers 2, 7, 7, 12, 12, and 17. The blue one has 3, 8, 8, 13, 13, and 18. The dice are fair, so each side is equally likely to come up.

Each contestant will be sent into a Royal Rolling Room, where they’ll roll both dice 20 times. A contestant’s score starts at zero, and each turn, they should add the total of the two numbers rolled to their score. After 20 turns, they should report their final score.
## Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

### ngrams of length 2

collocation |
frequency |

highest number |
2 |

number theory |
2 |

## Important Words

- add
- advisor
- arithmetic
- blue
- chief
- children
- choose
- competition
- contestant
- declare
- devised
- dice
- die
- eccentric
- equally
- fair
- final
- good
- heir
- honest
- king
- lucky
- numbers
- ordered
- potential
- red
- report
- roll
- rolled
- rolling
- room
- royal
- score
- side
- starts
- successor
- test
- times
- total
- turn
- turns
- winner