full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Quyen Nguyen: Color-coded surgery

Unscramble the Blue Letters

This is how we excise cacnres. We do our best, based upon our tnnriaig and the way the cancer looks and the way it feels and its relationship to other structures and all of our experience, we say, you know what, the cancer's gone. We've made a good job. We've taken it out. That's what the surgeon is saying in the operating room when the patient's on the table. But then we actually don't know that it's all out. We actually have to take spaelms from the surgical bed, what's left behind in the patient, and then send those bits to the pathology lab. In the meanwhile, the patient's on the operating room table. The nesrus, anesthesiologist, the serguon, all the assistants are waiting around. And we wait. The pathologist teaks that sample, freezes it, cuts it, looks in the mosicorpce one by one and then calls back into the room. And that may be 20 mutnies later per piece. So if you've sent three specimens, it's an hour later. And very often they say, "You know what, points A and B are okay, but point C, you still have some residual cancer there. Please go cut that piece out." So we go back and we do that again, and again.

Open Cloze

This is how we excise _______. We do our best, based upon our ________ and the way the cancer looks and the way it feels and its relationship to other structures and all of our experience, we say, you know what, the cancer's gone. We've made a good job. We've taken it out. That's what the surgeon is saying in the operating room when the patient's on the table. But then we actually don't know that it's all out. We actually have to take _______ from the surgical bed, what's left behind in the patient, and then send those bits to the pathology lab. In the meanwhile, the patient's on the operating room table. The ______, anesthesiologist, the _______, all the assistants are waiting around. And we wait. The pathologist _____ that sample, freezes it, cuts it, looks in the __________ one by one and then calls back into the room. And that may be 20 _______ later per piece. So if you've sent three specimens, it's an hour later. And very often they say, "You know what, points A and B are okay, but point C, you still have some residual cancer there. Please go cut that piece out." So we go back and we do that again, and again.

Solution

  1. training
  2. microscope
  3. samples
  4. nurses
  5. surgeon
  6. cancers
  7. takes
  8. minutes

Original Text

This is how we excise cancers. We do our best, based upon our training and the way the cancer looks and the way it feels and its relationship to other structures and all of our experience, we say, you know what, the cancer's gone. We've made a good job. We've taken it out. That's what the surgeon is saying in the operating room when the patient's on the table. But then we actually don't know that it's all out. We actually have to take samples from the surgical bed, what's left behind in the patient, and then send those bits to the pathology lab. In the meanwhile, the patient's on the operating room table. The nurses, anesthesiologist, the surgeon, all the assistants are waiting around. And we wait. The pathologist takes that sample, freezes it, cuts it, looks in the microscope one by one and then calls back into the room. And that may be 20 minutes later per piece. So if you've sent three specimens, it's an hour later. And very often they say, "You know what, points A and B are okay, but point C, you still have some residual cancer there. Please go cut that piece out." So we go back and we do that again, and again.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
operating room 8
lymph nodes 6
lymph node 5
sentinel lymph 3
medicine today 2
room table 2
solution full 2
molecular scissors 2
metastatic lymph 2
node dissection 2
axillary lymph 2
gas station 2
swollen lymph 2
single nerve 2
successful innovation 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
operating room table 2
metastatic lymph nodes 2
sentinel lymph node 2
lymph node dissection 2
swollen lymph nodes 2

Important Words

  1. anesthesiologist
  2. assistants
  3. based
  4. bed
  5. bits
  6. calls
  7. cancer
  8. cancers
  9. cut
  10. cuts
  11. excise
  12. experience
  13. feels
  14. freezes
  15. good
  16. hour
  17. job
  18. lab
  19. left
  20. microscope
  21. minutes
  22. nurses
  23. operating
  24. pathologist
  25. pathology
  26. patient
  27. piece
  28. point
  29. points
  30. relationship
  31. residual
  32. room
  33. sample
  34. samples
  35. send
  36. specimens
  37. structures
  38. surgeon
  39. surgical
  40. table
  41. takes
  42. training
  43. wait
  44. waiting