full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Patience Mthunzi: Could we cure HIV with lasers?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Swallowing pills is the most effective and painless way of delivering any medication in the body. The downside, though, is that swoalnliwg any medication leads to its dutloiin. And this is a big problem, particularly in HIV patients. When they take their anti-HIV drugs, these drgus are good for lowering the virus in the bolod, and increasing the CD4 cell counts. But they are also notorious for their adverse side efcftes, but mostly bad, because they get diluted by the time they get to the blood, and worse, by the time they get to the sties where it matters most: within the HIV viral reservoirs. These areas in the body -- such as the lypmh noeds, the nervous system, as well as the lungs -- where the virus is sleeping, and will not readily get delivered in the blood of patients that are under consistent anti-HIV drugs therapy. However, upon discontinuation of therapy, the virus can awake and infect new cells in the blood.

Open Cloze

Swallowing pills is the most effective and painless way of delivering any medication in the body. The downside, though, is that __________ any medication leads to its ________. And this is a big problem, particularly in HIV patients. When they take their anti-HIV drugs, these _____ are good for lowering the virus in the _____, and increasing the CD4 cell counts. But they are also notorious for their adverse side _______, but mostly bad, because they get diluted by the time they get to the blood, and worse, by the time they get to the _____ where it matters most: within the HIV viral reservoirs. These areas in the body -- such as the _____ _____, the nervous system, as well as the lungs -- where the virus is sleeping, and will not readily get delivered in the blood of patients that are under consistent anti-HIV drugs therapy. However, upon discontinuation of therapy, the virus can awake and infect new cells in the blood.

Solution

  1. drugs
  2. sites
  3. swallowing
  4. lymph
  5. effects
  6. blood
  7. nodes
  8. dilution

Original Text

Swallowing pills is the most effective and painless way of delivering any medication in the body. The downside, though, is that swallowing any medication leads to its dilution. And this is a big problem, particularly in HIV patients. When they take their anti-HIV drugs, these drugs are good for lowering the virus in the blood, and increasing the CD4 cell counts. But they are also notorious for their adverse side effects, but mostly bad, because they get diluted by the time they get to the blood, and worse, by the time they get to the sites where it matters most: within the HIV viral reservoirs. These areas in the body -- such as the lymph nodes, the nervous system, as well as the lungs -- where the virus is sleeping, and will not readily get delivered in the blood of patients that are under consistent anti-HIV drugs therapy. However, upon discontinuation of therapy, the virus can awake and infect new cells in the blood.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

Important Words

  1. adverse
  2. areas
  3. awake
  4. bad
  5. big
  6. blood
  7. body
  8. cell
  9. cells
  10. consistent
  11. counts
  12. delivered
  13. delivering
  14. diluted
  15. dilution
  16. discontinuation
  17. downside
  18. drugs
  19. effective
  20. effects
  21. good
  22. hiv
  23. increasing
  24. infect
  25. leads
  26. lowering
  27. lungs
  28. lymph
  29. matters
  30. medication
  31. nervous
  32. nodes
  33. notorious
  34. painless
  35. patients
  36. pills
  37. problem
  38. readily
  39. reservoirs
  40. side
  41. sites
  42. sleeping
  43. swallowing
  44. system
  45. therapy
  46. time
  47. viral
  48. virus
  49. worse