full transcript
#### From the Ted Talk by Sean Carroll: Distant time and the hint of a multiverse

## Unscramble the Blue Letters

That implication was studied by Boltzmann back in the 19th century. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low erontpy. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the pobbtlraiiy is enormously huge. It's not something you have to worry about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and sfanctiuofg us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they locked the doors and kept us here lieltraly forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be obtained by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.
## Open Cloze

That implication was studied by Boltzmann back in the 19th century. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low **_______**. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the **___________** is enormously huge. It's not something you have to worry about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and **___________** us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they locked the doors and kept us here **_________** forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be obtained by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.
## Solution

- literally
- entropy
- probability
- suffocating

## Original Text

That implication was studied by Boltzmann back in the 19th century. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low entropy. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the probability is enormously huge. It's not something you have to worry about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and suffocating us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they locked the doors and kept us here literally forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be obtained by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.
## Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

### ngrams of length 2

collocation |
frequency |

empty space |
8 |

big bang |
5 |

early universe |
4 |

high entropy |
4 |

billion years |
4 |

dark energy |
4 |

billion stars |
3 |

billion galaxies |
3 |

black hole |
3 |

entropy increases |
3 |

thermal equilibrium |
3 |

black holes |
3 |

gravitational pull |
2 |

early times |
2 |

entropy configuration |
2 |

gave lectures |
2 |

feynman lectures |
2 |

cubic centimeter |
2 |

entropy configurations |
2 |

infinitely big |
2 |

homework assignment |
2 |

apple pie |
2 |

united states |
2 |

randomly fluctuate |
2 |

universe lasts |
2 |

favorite scenario |
2 |

bold speculation |
2 |

## Important Words

- air
- allowed
- boltzmann
- century
- configuration
- doors
- enormously
- entropy
- eventually
- gathering
- happen
- high
- huge
- implication
- increase
- increases
- literally
- locked
- molecules
- obtained
- part
- probabilistic
- probability
- room
- statement
- studied
- suffocating
- universe
- ways
- worry