full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Sean Carroll: Distant time and the hint of a multiverse

Unscramble the Blue Letters

That implication was studied by Boltzmann back in the 19th century. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low erontpy. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the pobbtlraiiy is enormously huge. It's not something you have to worry about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and sfanctiuofg us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they locked the doors and kept us here lieltraly forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be obtained by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.

Open Cloze

That implication was studied by Boltzmann back in the 19th century. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low _______. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the ___________ is enormously huge. It's not something you have to worry about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and ___________ us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they locked the doors and kept us here _________ forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be obtained by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.

Solution

  1. literally
  2. entropy
  3. probability
  4. suffocating

Original Text

That implication was studied by Boltzmann back in the 19th century. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low entropy. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the probability is enormously huge. It's not something you have to worry about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and suffocating us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they locked the doors and kept us here literally forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be obtained by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
empty space 8
big bang 5
early universe 4
high entropy 4
billion years 4
dark energy 4
billion stars 3
billion galaxies 3
black hole 3
entropy increases 3
thermal equilibrium 3
black holes 3
gravitational pull 2
early times 2
entropy configuration 2
gave lectures 2
feynman lectures 2
cubic centimeter 2
entropy configurations 2
infinitely big 2
homework assignment 2
apple pie 2
united states 2
randomly fluctuate 2
universe lasts 2
favorite scenario 2
bold speculation 2

Important Words

  1. air
  2. allowed
  3. boltzmann
  4. century
  5. configuration
  6. doors
  7. enormously
  8. entropy
  9. eventually
  10. gathering
  11. happen
  12. high
  13. huge
  14. implication
  15. increase
  16. increases
  17. literally
  18. locked
  19. molecules
  20. obtained
  21. part
  22. probabilistic
  23. probability
  24. room
  25. statement
  26. studied
  27. suffocating
  28. universe
  29. ways
  30. worry