full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Sean Carroll: Distant time and the hint of a multiverse"

#### Unscramble the Blue Letters

That implication was stdeiud by Boltzmann back in the 19th ctureny. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low entropy. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the probability is enormously huge. It's not something you have to wrory about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and suffocating us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they lkoecd the doors and kept us here literally forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be oibtaend by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.

#### Open Cloze

That implication was **_______** by Boltzmann back in the 19th **_______**. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low entropy. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the probability is enormously huge. It's not something you have to **_____** about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and suffocating us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they **______** the doors and kept us here literally forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be **________** by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.

#### Solution

- worry
- obtained
- locked
- century
- studied

#### Original Text

That implication was studied by Boltzmann back in the 19th century. He said, well, entropy increases because there are many, many more ways for the universe to be high entropy, rather than low entropy. But that's a probabilistic statement. It will probably increase, and the probability is enormously huge. It's not something you have to worry about — the air in this room all gathering over one part of the room and suffocating us. It's very, very unlikely. Except if they locked the doors and kept us here literally forever, that would happen. Everything that is allowed, every configuration that is allowed to be obtained by the molecules in this room, would eventually be obtained.
#### ngrams of length 2

collocation |
frequency |

empty space |
10 |

big bang |
8 |

dark energy |
6 |

early universe |
5 |

high entropy |
5 |

billion galaxies |
4 |

billion years |
4 |

apple pie |
4 |

black hole |
4 |

entropy increases |
4 |

early times |
4 |

billion stars |
3 |

thermal equilibrium |
3 |

entropy configuration |
3 |

black holes |
3 |

#### Important Words

- air
- allowed
- boltzmann
- century
- configuration
- doors
- enormously
- entropy
- eventually
- gathering
- happen
- high
- huge
- implication
- increase
- increases
- literally
- locked
- molecules
- obtained
- part
- probabilistic
- probability
- room
- statement
- studied
- suffocating
- universe
- ways
- worry