full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Sean Carroll: Distant time and the hint of a multiverse"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Well if that's true, Boltzmann then goes onto invent two very modern-sounding ideas — the multiverse and the ahrnpoitc principle. He says, the problem with thermal equilibrium is that we can't live there. Remember, life itself depends on the arrow of time. We would not be able to pscreos information, metabolize, walk and talk, if we lived in thermal equilibrium. So if you imagine a very, very big universe, an infinitely big universe, with randomly bimpnug into each other particles, there will occasionally be small fluctuations in the lower eorpnty states, and then they realx back. But there will also be large fluctuations. Occasionally, you will make a planet or a star or a gaaxly or a hundred billion galxeais. So Boltzmann says, we will only live in the part of the multiverse, in the part of this infinitely big set of fluctuating particles, where life is possible. That's the region where entropy is low. Maybe our ursvinee is just one of those things that happens from time to time.

Open Cloze

Well if that's true, Boltzmann then goes onto invent two very modern-sounding ideas — the multiverse and the _________ principle. He says, the problem with thermal equilibrium is that we can't live there. Remember, life itself depends on the arrow of time. We would not be able to _______ information, metabolize, walk and talk, if we lived in thermal equilibrium. So if you imagine a very, very big universe, an infinitely big universe, with randomly _______ into each other particles, there will occasionally be small fluctuations in the lower _______ states, and then they _____ back. But there will also be large fluctuations. Occasionally, you will make a planet or a star or a ______ or a hundred billion ________. So Boltzmann says, we will only live in the part of the multiverse, in the part of this infinitely big set of fluctuating particles, where life is possible. That's the region where entropy is low. Maybe our ________ is just one of those things that happens from time to time.

Solution

  1. relax
  2. process
  3. universe
  4. galaxies
  5. entropy
  6. anthropic
  7. bumping
  8. galaxy

Original Text

Well if that's true, Boltzmann then goes onto invent two very modern-sounding ideas — the multiverse and the anthropic principle. He says, the problem with thermal equilibrium is that we can't live there. Remember, life itself depends on the arrow of time. We would not be able to process information, metabolize, walk and talk, if we lived in thermal equilibrium. So if you imagine a very, very big universe, an infinitely big universe, with randomly bumping into each other particles, there will occasionally be small fluctuations in the lower entropy states, and then they relax back. But there will also be large fluctuations. Occasionally, you will make a planet or a star or a galaxy or a hundred billion galaxies. So Boltzmann says, we will only live in the part of the multiverse, in the part of this infinitely big set of fluctuating particles, where life is possible. That's the region where entropy is low. Maybe our universe is just one of those things that happens from time to time.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
empty space 10
big bang 8
dark energy 6
high entropy 5
early universe 5
entropy increases 4
early times 4
black hole 4
billion years 4
billion galaxies 4
apple pie 4
thermal equilibrium 3
entropy configuration 3
black holes 3
billion stars 3

Important Words

  1. anthropic
  2. arrow
  3. big
  4. billion
  5. boltzmann
  6. bumping
  7. depends
  8. entropy
  9. equilibrium
  10. fluctuating
  11. fluctuations
  12. galaxies
  13. galaxy
  14. ideas
  15. imagine
  16. infinitely
  17. information
  18. invent
  19. large
  20. life
  21. live
  22. lived
  23. metabolize
  24. multiverse
  25. occasionally
  26. part
  27. particles
  28. planet
  29. principle
  30. problem
  31. process
  32. randomly
  33. region
  34. relax
  35. remember
  36. set
  37. small
  38. star
  39. states
  40. talk
  41. thermal
  42. time
  43. true
  44. universe
  45. walk