full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Kelly Wanser: Emergency medicine for our climate fever

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, I'm a technology executive, not a siistenct. About a decade ago, concerned about climate, I started to talk with scientists about potential countermeasures to warming. These conversations grew into collaborations that became the Marine Cloud Brightening Project, which I'll talk about momentarily, and the nonprofit policy ooiantrzgian SilverLining, where I am today. I work with pilantiiocs, researchers, members of the tech industry and others to talk about some of these ideas. Early on, I met bisirth aemohritpsc scientist John Latham, who proposed cooling the climate the way that the ships do, but with a natrual source of particles: sea-salt mist from seawater sprayed from ships into areas of susceptible clouds over the ocean. The approach became known by the name I gave it then, "marine cloud biinrteghng." Early modeling sidetus suggested that by dlnypieog marine cloud brightening in just 10 to 20 percent of susceptible ocean clouds, it might be possible to offset as much as two degrees Celsius's warming. It might even be possible to bgrhetin clouds in loacl regions to reduce the impcats caused by warming ocean srcaufe temperatures. For example, regions such as the Gulf aiattlnc might be cooled in the months before a hurricane sesoan to reduce the force of storms. Or, it might be possible to cool waters flowing onto coarl reefs overwhelmed by heat stress, like Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

Open Cloze

Now, I'm a technology executive, not a _________. About a decade ago, concerned about climate, I started to talk with scientists about potential countermeasures to warming. These conversations grew into collaborations that became the Marine Cloud Brightening Project, which I'll talk about momentarily, and the nonprofit policy ____________ SilverLining, where I am today. I work with ___________, researchers, members of the tech industry and others to talk about some of these ideas. Early on, I met _______ ___________ scientist John Latham, who proposed cooling the climate the way that the ships do, but with a _______ source of particles: sea-salt mist from seawater sprayed from ships into areas of susceptible clouds over the ocean. The approach became known by the name I gave it then, "marine cloud ___________." Early modeling _______ suggested that by _________ marine cloud brightening in just 10 to 20 percent of susceptible ocean clouds, it might be possible to offset as much as two degrees Celsius's warming. It might even be possible to ________ clouds in _____ regions to reduce the _______ caused by warming ocean _______ temperatures. For example, regions such as the Gulf ________ might be cooled in the months before a hurricane ______ to reduce the force of storms. Or, it might be possible to cool waters flowing onto _____ reefs overwhelmed by heat stress, like Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

Solution

  1. season
  2. surface
  3. organization
  4. politicians
  5. scientist
  6. atmospheric
  7. coral
  8. deploying
  9. atlantic
  10. british
  11. brightening
  12. studies
  13. impacts
  14. local
  15. brighten
  16. natural

Original Text

Now, I'm a technology executive, not a scientist. About a decade ago, concerned about climate, I started to talk with scientists about potential countermeasures to warming. These conversations grew into collaborations that became the Marine Cloud Brightening Project, which I'll talk about momentarily, and the nonprofit policy organization SilverLining, where I am today. I work with politicians, researchers, members of the tech industry and others to talk about some of these ideas. Early on, I met British atmospheric scientist John Latham, who proposed cooling the climate the way that the ships do, but with a natural source of particles: sea-salt mist from seawater sprayed from ships into areas of susceptible clouds over the ocean. The approach became known by the name I gave it then, "marine cloud brightening." Early modeling studies suggested that by deploying marine cloud brightening in just 10 to 20 percent of susceptible ocean clouds, it might be possible to offset as much as two degrees Celsius's warming. It might even be possible to brighten clouds in local regions to reduce the impacts caused by warming ocean surface temperatures. For example, regions such as the Gulf Atlantic might be cooled in the months before a hurricane season to reduce the force of storms. Or, it might be possible to cool waters flowing onto coral reefs overwhelmed by heat stress, like Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
emergency medicine 3
marine cloud 3
cloud brightening 3
surface temperatures 3
ozone layer 3
sulfur emissions 2
marine clouds 2
brighten clouds 2
global warming 2
massive scale 2
reflect sunlight 2
real information 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
marine cloud brightening 3

Important Words

  1. approach
  2. areas
  3. atlantic
  4. atmospheric
  5. barrier
  6. brighten
  7. brightening
  8. british
  9. caused
  10. climate
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  29. great
  30. grew
  31. gulf
  32. heat
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  34. ideas
  35. impacts
  36. industry
  37. john
  38. latham
  39. local
  40. marine
  41. members
  42. met
  43. mist
  44. modeling
  45. momentarily
  46. months
  47. natural
  48. nonprofit
  49. ocean
  50. offset
  51. organization
  52. overwhelmed
  53. percent
  54. policy
  55. politicians
  56. potential
  57. project
  58. proposed
  59. reduce
  60. reef
  61. reefs
  62. regions
  63. researchers
  64. scientist
  65. scientists
  66. season
  67. seawater
  68. ships
  69. silverlining
  70. source
  71. sprayed
  72. started
  73. storms
  74. stress
  75. studies
  76. suggested
  77. surface
  78. susceptible
  79. talk
  80. tech
  81. technology
  82. temperatures
  83. today
  84. warming
  85. waters
  86. work