full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Christoph Adami: Finding life we can't imagine

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But suppose you take some dirt and dig through it and then put it into these spectrometers, because there's bacteria all over the place; or you take water anywhere on Earth, because it's teaming with life, and you make the same analysis; the spertcum looks completely different. Of course, there is still glycine and alanine, but in fact, there are these havey elements, these heavy amino adcis, that are being produced because they are valuable to the organism. And some other ones that are not used in the set of 20, they will not appear at all in any type of concentration. So this also turns out to be extremely robust. It doesn't matter what kind of sediment you're using to ginrd up, whether it's bacteria or any other plants or ailanms. Anywhere there's life, you're going to have this distribution, as opposed to that distribution. And it is detectable not just in amino acids.

Open Cloze

But suppose you take some dirt and dig through it and then put it into these spectrometers, because there's bacteria all over the place; or you take water anywhere on Earth, because it's teaming with life, and you make the same analysis; the ________ looks completely different. Of course, there is still glycine and alanine, but in fact, there are these _____ elements, these heavy amino _____, that are being produced because they are valuable to the organism. And some other ones that are not used in the set of 20, they will not appear at all in any type of concentration. So this also turns out to be extremely robust. It doesn't matter what kind of sediment you're using to _____ up, whether it's bacteria or any other plants or _______. Anywhere there's life, you're going to have this distribution, as opposed to that distribution. And it is detectable not just in amino acids.

Solution

  1. spectrum
  2. acids
  3. grind
  4. heavy
  5. animals

Original Text

But suppose you take some dirt and dig through it and then put it into these spectrometers, because there's bacteria all over the place; or you take water anywhere on Earth, because it's teaming with life, and you make the same analysis; the spectrum looks completely different. Of course, there is still glycine and alanine, but in fact, there are these heavy elements, these heavy amino acids, that are being produced because they are valuable to the organism. And some other ones that are not used in the set of 20, they will not appear at all in any type of concentration. So this also turns out to be extremely robust. It doesn't matter what kind of sediment you're using to grind up, whether it's bacteria or any other plants or animals. Anywhere there's life, you're going to have this distribution, as opposed to that distribution. And it is detectable not just in amino acids.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
amino acids 4
mutation rate 4
viability threshold 4
nasa manager 2
discovering life 2
equal frequency 2
frequency distribution 2

Important Words

  1. acids
  2. alanine
  3. amino
  4. animals
  5. bacteria
  6. completely
  7. concentration
  8. detectable
  9. dig
  10. dirt
  11. distribution
  12. earth
  13. elements
  14. extremely
  15. fact
  16. glycine
  17. grind
  18. heavy
  19. kind
  20. life
  21. matter
  22. opposed
  23. organism
  24. plants
  25. produced
  26. put
  27. robust
  28. sediment
  29. set
  30. spectrometers
  31. spectrum
  32. suppose
  33. teaming
  34. turns
  35. type
  36. valuable
  37. water