full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Enric Sala: Glimpses of a pristine ocean

Unscramble the Blue Letters

When we went to pristine reefs, we realized that the natural world was uidspe down; this pyramid was inverted. The top head does account for most of the biomass, in some places up to 85 percent, like Kingman Reef, which is now protected. The good news is that, in addition to having more pdetroars, there's more of everything. The size of these boxes is bgegir. We have more sharks, more biomass of snappers, more biomass of herbivores, too, like these parrot fish that are like marine goats. They clean the reef; everything that grows enough to be seen, they eat, and they keep the reef clean and allow the corals to replenish. Not only do these places — these ancenit, pristine pelcas — have lots of fish, but they also have other important components of the ecosystem like the giant clams; pavements of giant clmas in the lagoons, up to 20, 25 per square meter. These have disappeared from every ibhnaited reef in the wolrd, and they filter the water; they keep the water clean from mobeircs and pathogens.

Open Cloze

When we went to pristine reefs, we realized that the natural world was ______ down; this pyramid was inverted. The top head does account for most of the biomass, in some places up to 85 percent, like Kingman Reef, which is now protected. The good news is that, in addition to having more _________, there's more of everything. The size of these boxes is ______. We have more sharks, more biomass of snappers, more biomass of herbivores, too, like these parrot fish that are like marine goats. They clean the reef; everything that grows enough to be seen, they eat, and they keep the reef clean and allow the corals to replenish. Not only do these places — these _______, pristine ______ — have lots of fish, but they also have other important components of the ecosystem like the giant clams; pavements of giant _____ in the lagoons, up to 20, 25 per square meter. These have disappeared from every _________ reef in the _____, and they filter the water; they keep the water clean from ________ and pathogens.

Solution

  1. microbes
  2. clams
  3. bigger
  4. inhabited
  5. upside
  6. ancient
  7. world
  8. predators
  9. places

Original Text

When we went to pristine reefs, we realized that the natural world was upside down; this pyramid was inverted. The top head does account for most of the biomass, in some places up to 85 percent, like Kingman Reef, which is now protected. The good news is that, in addition to having more predators, there's more of everything. The size of these boxes is bigger. We have more sharks, more biomass of snappers, more biomass of herbivores, too, like these parrot fish that are like marine goats. They clean the reef; everything that grows enough to be seen, they eat, and they keep the reef clean and allow the corals to replenish. Not only do these places — these ancient, pristine places — have lots of fish, but they also have other important components of the ecosystem like the giant clams; pavements of giant clams in the lagoons, up to 20, 25 per square meter. These have disappeared from every inhabited reef in the world, and they filter the water; they keep the water clean from microbes and pathogens.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
billion dollars 4
coral reefs 3
marine reserve 3
savings accounts 3
protected areas 3
mediterranean coast 2
coral reef 2
large animals 2
huge abundance 2
square meter 2
global warming 2
marine protected 2
marine reserves 2
conservation efforts 2
spiritual experience 2

Important Words

  1. account
  2. addition
  3. ancient
  4. bigger
  5. biomass
  6. boxes
  7. clams
  8. clean
  9. components
  10. corals
  11. disappeared
  12. eat
  13. ecosystem
  14. filter
  15. fish
  16. giant
  17. goats
  18. good
  19. grows
  20. head
  21. herbivores
  22. important
  23. inhabited
  24. inverted
  25. kingman
  26. lagoons
  27. lots
  28. marine
  29. meter
  30. microbes
  31. natural
  32. news
  33. parrot
  34. pathogens
  35. pavements
  36. percent
  37. places
  38. predators
  39. pristine
  40. protected
  41. pyramid
  42. realized
  43. reef
  44. reefs
  45. replenish
  46. sharks
  47. size
  48. snappers
  49. square
  50. top
  51. upside
  52. water
  53. world