full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Edith Widder: Glowing life in an underwater world

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, another form of defense is something called a burglar alarm — same reason you have a burglar aralm on your car; the honking horn and flashing lights are meant to attract the attention of, hopefully, the police that will come and take the baglurr away — when an animal's chagut in the clutches of a predator, its only hope for escape may be to aacrttt the attention of something bigger and nastier that will attack their attacker, thereby affording them a cchane for escape. This jellyfish, for example, has a spectacular bioluminescent dlaipsy. This is us chasing it in the submersible. That's not luminescence, that's reflected light from the gonads. We capture it in a very special device on the front of the submersible that allows us to binrg it up in really pristine coondiitn, bring it into the lab on the ship. And then to generate the display you're about to see, all I did was tcuoh it once per second on its nerve ring with a sharp pick that's sort of like the sharp tooth of a fish. And once this display gets going, I'm not touching it anymore. This is an unbelievable light show. It's this piewenhl of light, and I've done calculations that show that this could be seen from as much as 300 feet away by a predator. And I thought, "You know, that might actually make a pttery good lure." Because one of the things that's fuarserttd me as a deep-sea explorer is how many animals there probably are in the ocean that we know nothing about because of the way we explore the ocean.

Open Cloze

Now, another form of defense is something called a burglar alarm — same reason you have a burglar _____ on your car; the honking horn and flashing lights are meant to attract the attention of, hopefully, the police that will come and take the _______ away — when an animal's ______ in the clutches of a predator, its only hope for escape may be to _______ the attention of something bigger and nastier that will attack their attacker, thereby affording them a ______ for escape. This jellyfish, for example, has a spectacular bioluminescent _______. This is us chasing it in the submersible. That's not luminescence, that's reflected light from the gonads. We capture it in a very special device on the front of the submersible that allows us to _____ it up in really pristine _________, bring it into the lab on the ship. And then to generate the display you're about to see, all I did was _____ it once per second on its nerve ring with a sharp pick that's sort of like the sharp tooth of a fish. And once this display gets going, I'm not touching it anymore. This is an unbelievable light show. It's this ________ of light, and I've done calculations that show that this could be seen from as much as 300 feet away by a predator. And I thought, "You know, that might actually make a ______ good lure." Because one of the things that's __________ me as a deep-sea explorer is how many animals there probably are in the ocean that we know nothing about because of the way we explore the ocean.

Solution

  1. pinwheel
  2. bring
  3. caught
  4. touch
  5. alarm
  6. frustrated
  7. burglar
  8. condition
  9. pretty
  10. attract
  11. display
  12. chance

Original Text

Now, another form of defense is something called a burglar alarm — same reason you have a burglar alarm on your car; the honking horn and flashing lights are meant to attract the attention of, hopefully, the police that will come and take the burglar away — when an animal's caught in the clutches of a predator, its only hope for escape may be to attract the attention of something bigger and nastier that will attack their attacker, thereby affording them a chance for escape. This jellyfish, for example, has a spectacular bioluminescent display. This is us chasing it in the submersible. That's not luminescence, that's reflected light from the gonads. We capture it in a very special device on the front of the submersible that allows us to bring it up in really pristine condition, bring it into the lab on the ship. And then to generate the display you're about to see, all I did was touch it once per second on its nerve ring with a sharp pick that's sort of like the sharp tooth of a fish. And once this display gets going, I'm not touching it anymore. This is an unbelievable light show. It's this pinwheel of light, and I've done calculations that show that this could be seen from as much as 300 feet away by a predator. And I thought, "You know, that might actually make a pretty good lure." Because one of the things that's frustrated me as a deep-sea explorer is how many animals there probably are in the ocean that we know nothing about because of the way we explore the ocean.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
red light 4
light organs 4
electronic jellyfish 3
open ocean 2
light show 2
bioluminescent plankton 2
burglar alarm 2

Important Words

  1. affording
  2. alarm
  3. animals
  4. anymore
  5. attack
  6. attacker
  7. attention
  8. attract
  9. bigger
  10. bioluminescent
  11. bring
  12. burglar
  13. calculations
  14. called
  15. capture
  16. caught
  17. chance
  18. chasing
  19. clutches
  20. condition
  21. defense
  22. device
  23. display
  24. escape
  25. explore
  26. explorer
  27. feet
  28. fish
  29. flashing
  30. form
  31. front
  32. frustrated
  33. generate
  34. gonads
  35. good
  36. honking
  37. hope
  38. horn
  39. jellyfish
  40. lab
  41. light
  42. lights
  43. luminescence
  44. lure
  45. meant
  46. nastier
  47. nerve
  48. ocean
  49. pick
  50. pinwheel
  51. police
  52. predator
  53. pretty
  54. pristine
  55. reason
  56. reflected
  57. ring
  58. sharp
  59. ship
  60. show
  61. sort
  62. special
  63. spectacular
  64. submersible
  65. thought
  66. tooth
  67. touch
  68. touching
  69. unbelievable