full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Michael Merzenich: Growing evidence of brain plasticity"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now the crap doesn't just happen in the ear. It can also happen in the brain. The brain itself can be noisy. It's commonly noisy. There are many inherited faults that can make it noisier. And the native language for a cilhd with such a brain is degraded. It's not English. It's niosy egnislh. And that results in defective representations of sndous of words — not nmoarl — a different strategy, by a mnhicae that has different time constants and different space constants. And you can look in the brain of such a child and rcreod those time constants. They are about an order of magnitude lnoger, about 11 times longer in duration on average, than in a normal child. Space constants are about three times gtraeer. Such a child will have memory and cognitive deficits in this domain. Of course they will. Because as a riceeevr of language, they are receiving it and rnreietpseng it, and in information it's representing crap. And they are going to have poor reading skills. Because reading is dependent upon the translation of word sounds into this orthographic or visual representational form. If you don't have a brain rieetsratoepnn of word sounds that translation makes no sense. And you are going to have corresponding abnormal neurology.

Open Cloze

Now the crap doesn't just happen in the ear. It can also happen in the brain. The brain itself can be noisy. It's commonly noisy. There are many inherited faults that can make it noisier. And the native language for a _____ with such a brain is degraded. It's not English. It's _____ _______. And that results in defective representations of ______ of words — not ______ — a different strategy, by a _______ that has different time constants and different space constants. And you can look in the brain of such a child and ______ those time constants. They are about an order of magnitude ______, about 11 times longer in duration on average, than in a normal child. Space constants are about three times _______. Such a child will have memory and cognitive deficits in this domain. Of course they will. Because as a ________ of language, they are receiving it and ____________ it, and in information it's representing crap. And they are going to have poor reading skills. Because reading is dependent upon the translation of word sounds into this orthographic or visual representational form. If you don't have a brain ______________ of word sounds that translation makes no sense. And you are going to have corresponding abnormal neurology.

Solution

  1. greater
  2. receiver
  3. sounds
  4. longer
  5. record
  6. representing
  7. noisy
  8. representation
  9. english
  10. normal
  11. child
  12. machine

Original Text

Now the crap doesn't just happen in the ear. It can also happen in the brain. The brain itself can be noisy. It's commonly noisy. There are many inherited faults that can make it noisier. And the native language for a child with such a brain is degraded. It's not English. It's noisy English. And that results in defective representations of sounds of words — not normal — a different strategy, by a machine that has different time constants and different space constants. And you can look in the brain of such a child and record those time constants. They are about an order of magnitude longer, about 11 times longer in duration on average, than in a normal child. Space constants are about three times greater. Such a child will have memory and cognitive deficits in this domain. Of course they will. Because as a receiver of language, they are receiving it and representing it, and in information it's representing crap. And they are going to have poor reading skills. Because reading is dependent upon the translation of word sounds into this orthographic or visual representational form. If you don't have a brain representation of word sounds that translation makes no sense. And you are going to have corresponding abnormal neurology.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
language abilities 5
native language 4
cortical areas 4
time constants 3
space constants 3
left side 3

Important Words

  1. abnormal
  2. average
  3. brain
  4. child
  5. cognitive
  6. commonly
  7. constants
  8. crap
  9. defective
  10. deficits
  11. degraded
  12. dependent
  13. domain
  14. duration
  15. ear
  16. english
  17. faults
  18. form
  19. greater
  20. happen
  21. information
  22. inherited
  23. language
  24. longer
  25. machine
  26. magnitude
  27. memory
  28. native
  29. neurology
  30. noisier
  31. noisy
  32. normal
  33. order
  34. orthographic
  35. poor
  36. reading
  37. receiver
  38. receiving
  39. record
  40. representation
  41. representational
  42. representations
  43. representing
  44. results
  45. sense
  46. skills
  47. sounds
  48. space
  49. strategy
  50. time
  51. times
  52. translation
  53. visual
  54. word
  55. words