full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Anthony Atala: Growing new organs

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So, how can we harness that power? One of the ways that we do that is actually by using smart biomaterials. How does this work? Well, on the left side here you see a urethra which was injured. This is the cehnnal that connects the bladder to the outside of the body. And you see that it is inreujd. We basically found out that you can use these smart biomaterials that you can actually use as a bridge. If you build that brdgie, and you close off from the outside environment, then you can create that bridge, and cells that regenerate in your body, can then corss that bridge, and take that path.

Open Cloze

So, how can we harness that power? One of the ways that we do that is actually by using smart biomaterials. How does this work? Well, on the left side here you see a urethra which was injured. This is the _______ that connects the bladder to the outside of the body. And you see that it is _______. We basically found out that you can use these smart biomaterials that you can actually use as a bridge. If you build that ______, and you close off from the outside environment, then you can create that bridge, and cells that regenerate in your body, can then _____ that bridge, and take that path.

Solution

  1. injured
  2. channel
  3. bridge
  4. cross

Original Text

So, how can we harness that power? One of the ways that we do that is actually by using smart biomaterials. How does this work? Well, on the left side here you see a urethra which was injured. This is the channel that connects the bladder to the outside of the body. And you see that it is injured. We basically found out that you can use these smart biomaterials that you can actually use as a bridge. If you build that bridge, and you close off from the outside environment, then you can create that bridge, and cells that regenerate in your body, can then cross that bridge, and take that path.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
stem cells 8
blood vessel 7
smart biomaterials 4
cell types 3
muscle cells 3
hollow organs 3
solid organs 3
left side 2
small piece 2
lining cells 2
scaffold specifically 2
vascular tree 2
regenerative medicine 2
windpipe cell 2
runaway stage 2

Important Words

  1. basically
  2. biomaterials
  3. bladder
  4. body
  5. bridge
  6. build
  7. cells
  8. channel
  9. close
  10. connects
  11. create
  12. cross
  13. environment
  14. harness
  15. injured
  16. left
  17. path
  18. power
  19. regenerate
  20. side
  21. smart
  22. urethra
  23. ways
  24. work