full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Nancy Etcoff: Happiness and its surprises

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But there are ways in which our evolutionary hsitroy can really trip us up. Because, for example, the genes don't care whether we're happy, they care that we rtlipcaee, that we pass our geens on. So for example we have three systems that underlie reproduction, because it's so important. There's lust, which is just wanting to have sex. And that's really mediated by the sex hormones. Romantic attraction, that gets into the desire system. And that's dopamine-fed. And that's, "I must have this one preson." There's attachment, which is otcyxion, and the opiates, which says, "This is a long-term bond." See the problem is that, as humans, these three can separate. So a person can be in a long term attachment, become romantically infatuated with someone else, and want to have sex with a third person.

Open Cloze

But there are ways in which our evolutionary _______ can really trip us up. Because, for example, the genes don't care whether we're happy, they care that we _________, that we pass our _____ on. So for example we have three systems that underlie reproduction, because it's so important. There's lust, which is just wanting to have sex. And that's really mediated by the sex hormones. Romantic attraction, that gets into the desire system. And that's dopamine-fed. And that's, "I must have this one ______." There's attachment, which is ________, and the opiates, which says, "This is a long-term bond." See the problem is that, as humans, these three can separate. So a person can be in a long term attachment, become romantically infatuated with someone else, and want to have sex with a third person.

Solution

  1. replicate
  2. history
  3. person
  4. oxytocin
  5. genes

Original Text

But there are ways in which our evolutionary history can really trip us up. Because, for example, the genes don't care whether we're happy, they care that we replicate, that we pass our genes on. So for example we have three systems that underlie reproduction, because it's so important. There's lust, which is just wanting to have sex. And that's really mediated by the sex hormones. Romantic attraction, that gets into the desire system. And that's dopamine-fed. And that's, "I must have this one person." There's attachment, which is oxytocin, and the opiates, which says, "This is a long-term bond." See the problem is that, as humans, these three can separate. So a person can be in a long term attachment, become romantically infatuated with someone else, and want to have sex with a third person.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
positive emotions 2
pleasure system 2
universal signal 2
brick wall 2
social status 2

Important Words

  1. attachment
  2. attraction
  3. bond
  4. care
  5. desire
  6. evolutionary
  7. genes
  8. happy
  9. history
  10. hormones
  11. humans
  12. important
  13. infatuated
  14. long
  15. lust
  16. mediated
  17. opiates
  18. oxytocin
  19. pass
  20. person
  21. problem
  22. replicate
  23. reproduction
  24. romantic
  25. romantically
  26. separate
  27. sex
  28. system
  29. systems
  30. term
  31. trip
  32. underlie
  33. wanting
  34. ways