full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Harry Cliff: Have we reached the end of physics?"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

So it's a rather elegant, almost poetic way of looking at the wlord, but it has one catastrophic problem. It turns out that string theory isn't one theory at all, but a whole cllcetooin of theories. It's been estimated, in fact, that there are 10 to the 500 different versions of snritg theory. Each one would describe a different universe with different laws of physics. Now, critics say this makes string theory unscientific. You can't dovprise the theory. But others actually turned this on its head and said, well, maybe this arenpapt failure is string theory's greatest tuiprmh. What if all of these 10 to the 500 different possible universes actually exist out there somewhere in some grand meltisurve? Suddenly we can understand the wdierly fine-tuned values of these two dangerous numbers. In most of the multiverse, dark energy is so strong that the universe gets torn apart, or the Higgs field is so weak that no atoms can form. We live in one of the places in the multiverse where the two numbers are just right. We live in a gldoolikcs universe.

Open Cloze

So it's a rather elegant, almost poetic way of looking at the _____, but it has one catastrophic problem. It turns out that string theory isn't one theory at all, but a whole __________ of theories. It's been estimated, in fact, that there are 10 to the 500 different versions of ______ theory. Each one would describe a different universe with different laws of physics. Now, critics say this makes string theory unscientific. You can't ________ the theory. But others actually turned this on its head and said, well, maybe this ________ failure is string theory's greatest _______. What if all of these 10 to the 500 different possible universes actually exist out there somewhere in some grand __________? Suddenly we can understand the _______ fine-tuned values of these two dangerous numbers. In most of the multiverse, dark energy is so strong that the universe gets torn apart, or the Higgs field is so weak that no atoms can form. We live in one of the places in the multiverse where the two numbers are just right. We live in a __________ universe.

Solution

  1. disprove
  2. apparent
  3. string
  4. multiverse
  5. triumph
  6. world
  7. weirdly
  8. goldilocks
  9. collection

Original Text

So it's a rather elegant, almost poetic way of looking at the world, but it has one catastrophic problem. It turns out that string theory isn't one theory at all, but a whole collection of theories. It's been estimated, in fact, that there are 10 to the 500 different versions of string theory. Each one would describe a different universe with different laws of physics. Now, critics say this makes string theory unscientific. You can't disprove the theory. But others actually turned this on its head and said, well, maybe this apparent failure is string theory's greatest triumph. What if all of these 10 to the 500 different possible universes actually exist out there somewhere in some grand multiverse? Suddenly we can understand the weirdly fine-tuned values of these two dangerous numbers. In most of the multiverse, dark energy is so strong that the universe gets torn apart, or the Higgs field is so weak that no atoms can form. We live in one of the places in the multiverse where the two numbers are just right. We live in a Goldilocks universe.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
higgs field 10
dark energy 7
quantum mechanics 6
higgs boson 6
string theory 4
dangerous numbers 4
fine tuned 4
weirdly fine 3
interesting stuff 3
general theory 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
weirdly fine tuned 3

Important Words

  1. apparent
  2. atoms
  3. catastrophic
  4. collection
  5. critics
  6. dangerous
  7. dark
  8. describe
  9. disprove
  10. elegant
  11. energy
  12. estimated
  13. exist
  14. fact
  15. failure
  16. field
  17. form
  18. goldilocks
  19. grand
  20. greatest
  21. head
  22. higgs
  23. laws
  24. live
  25. multiverse
  26. numbers
  27. physics
  28. places
  29. poetic
  30. problem
  31. string
  32. strong
  33. suddenly
  34. theories
  35. theory
  36. torn
  37. triumph
  38. turned
  39. turns
  40. understand
  41. universe
  42. universes
  43. unscientific
  44. values
  45. versions
  46. weak
  47. weirdly
  48. world