full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Harry Cliff: Have we reached the end of physics?"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

But there is something deeply mysterious about the Higgs field. raviltetiy and quantum mechanics tell us that it has two natural settings, a bit like a lghit sicwth. It should either be off, so that it has a zero value everywhere in space, or it should be on so it has an absolutely enroumos value. In both of these sirnceoas, atoms could not exist, and therefore all the other interesting stuff that we see around us in the universe would not exist. In reality, the Higgs filed is just slightly on, not zero but 10,000 trillion times weaker than its fully on value, a bit like a light switch that's got stuck just before the off position. And this value is crucial. If it were a tiny bit different, then there would be no physical structure in the universe.

Open Cloze

But there is something deeply mysterious about the Higgs field. __________ and quantum mechanics tell us that it has two natural settings, a bit like a _____ ______. It should either be off, so that it has a zero value everywhere in space, or it should be on so it has an absolutely ________ value. In both of these _________, atoms could not exist, and therefore all the other interesting stuff that we see around us in the universe would not exist. In reality, the Higgs _____ is just slightly on, not zero but 10,000 trillion times weaker than its fully on value, a bit like a light switch that's got stuck just before the off position. And this value is crucial. If it were a tiny bit different, then there would be no physical structure in the universe.

Solution

  1. scenarios
  2. switch
  3. relativity
  4. light
  5. field
  6. enormous

Original Text

But there is something deeply mysterious about the Higgs field. Relativity and quantum mechanics tell us that it has two natural settings, a bit like a light switch. It should either be off, so that it has a zero value everywhere in space, or it should be on so it has an absolutely enormous value. In both of these scenarios, atoms could not exist, and therefore all the other interesting stuff that we see around us in the universe would not exist. In reality, the Higgs field is just slightly on, not zero but 10,000 trillion times weaker than its fully on value, a bit like a light switch that's got stuck just before the off position. And this value is crucial. If it were a tiny bit different, then there would be no physical structure in the universe.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
higgs field 10
dark energy 7
quantum mechanics 6
higgs boson 6
dangerous numbers 4
fine tuned 4
string theory 4
general theory 3
interesting stuff 3
weirdly fine 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
weirdly fine tuned 3

Important Words

  1. absolutely
  2. atoms
  3. bit
  4. crucial
  5. deeply
  6. enormous
  7. exist
  8. field
  9. fully
  10. higgs
  11. interesting
  12. light
  13. mechanics
  14. mysterious
  15. natural
  16. physical
  17. position
  18. quantum
  19. reality
  20. relativity
  21. scenarios
  22. settings
  23. slightly
  24. space
  25. structure
  26. stuck
  27. stuff
  28. switch
  29. times
  30. tiny
  31. trillion
  32. universe
  33. weaker