full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala: How Africa can keep rising

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Two, debt. In 1994, the debt-to-GDP ratio of aacfrin countries was 130 percent, and they didn't have fiscal space. They couldn't use their rsceoures to invest in their development because they were paying debt. There may be some of you in this room who wokerd to sopprut African cnrtiuoes to get debt relief. So private creditors, multilaterals and bilaterals came together and decided to do the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and give debt relief. So this debt relief in 2005 made the debt-to-GDP ratio fall down to about 30 percent, and there was enough resources to try and reinvest.

Open Cloze

Two, debt. In 1994, the debt-to-GDP ratio of _______ countries was 130 percent, and they didn't have fiscal space. They couldn't use their _________ to invest in their development because they were paying debt. There may be some of you in this room who ______ to _______ African _________ to get debt relief. So private creditors, multilaterals and bilaterals came together and decided to do the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and give debt relief. So this debt relief in 2005 made the debt-to-GDP ratio fall down to about 30 percent, and there was enough resources to try and reinvest.

Solution

  1. worked
  2. resources
  3. african
  4. countries
  5. support

Original Text

Two, debt. In 1994, the debt-to-GDP ratio of African countries was 130 percent, and they didn't have fiscal space. They couldn't use their resources to invest in their development because they were paying debt. There may be some of you in this room who worked to support African countries to get debt relief. So private creditors, multilaterals and bilaterals came together and decided to do the Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and give debt relief. So this debt relief in 2005 made the debt-to-GDP ratio fall down to about 30 percent, and there was enough resources to try and reinvest.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
rising africa 6
african countries 4
debt relief 3
african risk 2
risk capacity 2
million dollars 2
million people 2
mobile money 2
population growth 2
young people 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
african risk capacity 2

Important Words

  1. african
  2. bilaterals
  3. countries
  4. creditors
  5. debt
  6. decided
  7. development
  8. fall
  9. fiscal
  10. give
  11. highly
  12. indebted
  13. initiative
  14. invest
  15. multilaterals
  16. paying
  17. percent
  18. poor
  19. private
  20. ratio
  21. reinvest
  22. relief
  23. resources
  24. room
  25. space
  26. support
  27. worked