full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Andrea M. Henle: How CRISPR lets you edit DNA"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

From the smallest single-celled organism to the largest cueratres on ertah, every livnig thing is defined by its genes. The DNA contained in our genes acts like an instruction manual for our cells. Four bdniilug blocks called bsaes are strung together in precise sequences, which tell the cell how to behave and form the basis for our every trait. But with recent advancements in gene editing tools, scientists can change an organism’s fumenntaadl features in record time. They can engineer drought-resistant crops and create apples that don’t bowrn. They might even prevent the spread of iecnuotfis outbreaks and develop cures for genetic diseases. CRISPR is the fastest, easiest, and chespaet of the gene editing tools responsible for this new wave of science. But where did this medical marvel come from? How does it work? And what can it do?

Open Cloze

From the smallest single-celled organism to the largest _________ on _____, every ______ thing is defined by its genes. The DNA contained in our genes acts like an instruction manual for our cells. Four ________ blocks called _____ are strung together in precise sequences, which tell the cell how to behave and form the basis for our every trait. But with recent advancements in gene editing tools, scientists can change an organism’s ___________ features in record time. They can engineer drought-resistant crops and create apples that don’t _____. They might even prevent the spread of __________ outbreaks and develop cures for genetic diseases. CRISPR is the fastest, easiest, and ________ of the gene editing tools responsible for this new wave of science. But where did this medical marvel come from? How does it work? And what can it do?

Solution

  1. building
  2. brown
  3. cheapest
  4. infectious
  5. living
  6. bases
  7. fundamental
  8. earth
  9. creatures

Original Text

From the smallest single-celled organism to the largest creatures on earth, every living thing is defined by its genes. The DNA contained in our genes acts like an instruction manual for our cells. Four building blocks called bases are strung together in precise sequences, which tell the cell how to behave and form the basis for our every trait. But with recent advancements in gene editing tools, scientists can change an organism’s fundamental features in record time. They can engineer drought-resistant crops and create apples that don’t brown. They might even prevent the spread of infectious outbreaks and develop cures for genetic diseases. CRISPR is the fastest, easiest, and cheapest of the gene editing tools responsible for this new wave of science. But where did this medical marvel come from? How does it work? And what can it do?

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
viral dna 3
single celled 3
immune system 3
gene editing 3

Important Words

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  4. bases
  5. basis
  6. behave
  7. blocks
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  30. features
  31. form
  32. fundamental
  33. gene
  34. genes
  35. genetic
  36. infectious
  37. instruction
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  40. manual
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  42. medical
  43. organism
  44. outbreaks
  45. precise
  46. prevent
  47. record
  48. responsible
  49. science
  50. scientists
  51. sequences
  52. smallest
  53. spread
  54. strung
  55. time
  56. tools
  57. trait
  58. wave
  59. work