full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Alexander Belcredi: How a long-forgotten virus could help us solve the antibiotics crisis

Unscramble the Blue Letters

This is Alexander Fleming. He won the Nobel Prize in mdcineie for his work ctiniuorntbg to the development of the first antibiotic, penicillin. And aibonctiits really work very differently than phages. For the most part, they inhibit the growth of the bacteria, and they don't care so much which kind of bacteria are present. The ones that we call broad-spectrum will even work against a whole bunch of bercitaa out there. Compare that to phages, which work extremely narrowly against one bacterial species, and you can see the obvious adtnaagve.

Open Cloze

This is Alexander Fleming. He won the Nobel Prize in ________ for his work ____________ to the development of the first antibiotic, penicillin. And ___________ really work very differently than phages. For the most part, they inhibit the growth of the bacteria, and they don't care so much which kind of bacteria are present. The ones that we call broad-spectrum will even work against a whole bunch of ________ out there. Compare that to phages, which work extremely narrowly against one bacterial species, and you can see the obvious _________.

Solution

  1. antibiotics
  2. bacteria
  3. medicine
  4. contributing
  5. advantage

Original Text

This is Alexander Fleming. He won the Nobel Prize in medicine for his work contributing to the development of the first antibiotic, penicillin. And antibiotics really work very differently than phages. For the most part, they inhibit the growth of the bacteria, and they don't care so much which kind of bacteria are present. The ones that we call broad-spectrum will even work against a whole bunch of bacteria out there. Compare that to phages, which work extremely narrowly against one bacterial species, and you can see the obvious advantage.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
bacterial infection 3
bacterial infections 3
bacteria causing 2
medical potential 2
long body 2
bacterial cell 2
cell wall 2
tiny drop 2
nobel prize 2
scary number 2

Important Words

  1. advantage
  2. alexander
  3. antibiotic
  4. antibiotics
  5. bacteria
  6. bacterial
  7. bunch
  8. call
  9. care
  10. compare
  11. contributing
  12. development
  13. differently
  14. extremely
  15. fleming
  16. growth
  17. inhibit
  18. kind
  19. medicine
  20. narrowly
  21. nobel
  22. obvious
  23. part
  24. penicillin
  25. phages
  26. present
  27. prize
  28. species
  29. won
  30. work