full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Scott Gass: How big is the ocean?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Imagine yourself standing on a beach, looking out over the ocean, waves crashing against the srhoe, blue as far as your eyes can see. Let it really sink in, the sheer scope and size of it all. Now, ask yourself, "How big is it? How big is the ocean?" First thing, we need to understand that there really is only one ocean, consisting of five component basins that we call the Pacific, the aatitlnc, the idainn, the Arctic, and the Southern. Each of these five, while generally referred to as oceans in and of themselves, are really and truly a part of a single, msivsae body of water, one ocean, which defines the very face of planet Earth. The ocean covers roughly 71% of our planet's sfaruce, some 360 mliolin square kilometers, an area in excess of the size of 36 U.S.A.'s. It's such a vast spread, when viewed from space, the ocean is, by far, the danomint feature of our planet. sakeinpg of space, the ocean currently holds over 1.3 billion, that's blilion with a "b", cuibc kilometers of wetar. Put another way, that's enough water to imsreme the entire United States under a body of salt water over 132 kilometers tall, a height well beyond the reach of the highest clouds and extending deep into the upper atmosphere. With all that vomule, the oaecn represents 97% of Earth's total water content. On top of all that, the ocean contains upwards of 99% of the world's biosphere, that is, the spaces and places where life exists. Now let that sink in for a second. The immediate world as we know it, indeed the tlotitay of all the living scape encompassed by the continents themselves, all of that represents only 1% of the biosphere. 1%! The ocean is everything else. So, the ocean is physically massive. It's importance to life is practically unparalleled. It also happens to hold the greatest geological fertuaes of our planet. Quickly, here are four of the most notable. The ocean contains the world's largest mountain range, the mid-ocean rigde. At roughly 65,000 ktmrieleos long, this underwater rnage is some 10 times lgneor than the longest mountain chain found purely on dry land, the adens. Beneath the Denmark sairtt exists the world's largest waterfall. This massive cataract carries roughly 116 times more water per second over its edge than the cngoo River's Inga Falls, the largest waterfall by volume on land. The world's tallest mountain is actually found in the ocean, hiding in palin sight. While 4200 meters of Hawaii's Mauna Kea sit above sea level, its sides plummet beneath the waves for another 5800 meters. From its snow-covered top to it's silt-covered bototm, then, this Hawaiian mountain is roughly 10,000 meters in height, dwarfing tiny Everest's ptraly peak by well over a ktoeemlir. Then, since we're picking on poor Everest, let's consider the world's deepest canyon, the Challenger Deep, existing 11 kilometers below the ocean's surface, some six times deeper than the Grand Canyon. That's deep enough to sink Mount Everest into and still have over 2.1 kilometers of water sitting atop its newly submerged peak. Put another way, the depth of the Challenger Deep is roughly the same hhiget that commercial airliners travel. So, pretty much however you choose to scile it, the ocean is capaitl B capital I, capital G, BIG! It defines our planet, home to the getserat gelocgoial features, comprises the largest living space, and accordingly, is home to the greatest numbers and forms of life on Earth. It is practically incomprehensible in scope. But it is not so big, so vast, so extraordinary as to be untouchable. In fact, with rohgluy 50% of the world's population living within 100 kilometers of the coastline and with most of the rnedmiaer living close enough to lakes, reirvs, or swamps, all of which utatillemy lead to the ocean, virtually every single person on the planet has the opportunity to ineflncue the general health and nrtaue of the world ocean. Evidence of haumn influence is seen in every part of the ocean, no matter how deep, no matter how distant. The ocean defines our pleant, but, in a very real snese, we define the ocean.

Open Cloze

Imagine yourself standing on a beach, looking out over the ocean, waves crashing against the _____, blue as far as your eyes can see. Let it really sink in, the sheer scope and size of it all. Now, ask yourself, "How big is it? How big is the ocean?" First thing, we need to understand that there really is only one ocean, consisting of five component basins that we call the Pacific, the ________, the ______, the Arctic, and the Southern. Each of these five, while generally referred to as oceans in and of themselves, are really and truly a part of a single, _______ body of water, one ocean, which defines the very face of planet Earth. The ocean covers roughly 71% of our planet's _______, some 360 _______ square kilometers, an area in excess of the size of 36 U.S.A.'s. It's such a vast spread, when viewed from space, the ocean is, by far, the ________ feature of our planet. ________ of space, the ocean currently holds over 1.3 billion, that's _______ with a "b", _____ kilometers of _____. Put another way, that's enough water to _______ the entire United States under a body of salt water over 132 kilometers tall, a height well beyond the reach of the highest clouds and extending deep into the upper atmosphere. With all that ______, the _____ represents 97% of Earth's total water content. On top of all that, the ocean contains upwards of 99% of the world's biosphere, that is, the spaces and places where life exists. Now let that sink in for a second. The immediate world as we know it, indeed the ________ of all the living _____ encompassed by the continents themselves, all of that represents only 1% of the biosphere. 1%! The ocean is everything else. So, the ocean is physically massive. It's importance to life is practically unparalleled. It also happens to hold the greatest geological ________ of our planet. Quickly, here are four of the most notable. The ocean contains the world's largest mountain range, the mid-ocean _____. At roughly 65,000 __________ long, this underwater _____ is some 10 times ______ than the longest mountain chain found purely on dry land, the _____. Beneath the Denmark ______ exists the world's largest waterfall. This massive cataract carries roughly 116 times more water per second over its edge than the _____ River's Inga Falls, the largest waterfall by volume on land. The world's tallest mountain is actually found in the ocean, hiding in _____ sight. While 4200 meters of Hawaii's Mauna Kea sit above sea level, its sides plummet beneath the waves for another 5800 meters. From its snow-covered top to it's silt-covered ______, then, this Hawaiian mountain is roughly 10,000 meters in height, dwarfing tiny Everest's ______ peak by well over a _________. Then, since we're picking on poor Everest, let's consider the world's deepest canyon, the Challenger Deep, existing 11 kilometers below the ocean's surface, some six times deeper than the Grand Canyon. That's deep enough to sink Mount Everest into and still have over 2.1 kilometers of water sitting atop its newly submerged peak. Put another way, the depth of the Challenger Deep is roughly the same ______ that commercial airliners travel. So, pretty much however you choose to _____ it, the ocean is _______ B capital I, capital G, BIG! It defines our planet, home to the ________ __________ features, comprises the largest living space, and accordingly, is home to the greatest numbers and forms of life on Earth. It is practically incomprehensible in scope. But it is not so big, so vast, so extraordinary as to be untouchable. In fact, with _______ 50% of the world's population living within 100 kilometers of the coastline and with most of the _________ living close enough to lakes, ______, or swamps, all of which __________ lead to the ocean, virtually every single person on the planet has the opportunity to _________ the general health and ______ of the world ocean. Evidence of _____ influence is seen in every part of the ocean, no matter how deep, no matter how distant. The ocean defines our ______, but, in a very real _____, we define the ocean.

Solution

  1. sense
  2. range
  3. water
  4. totality
  5. massive
  6. billion
  7. kilometers
  8. slice
  9. geological
  10. ridge
  11. indian
  12. rivers
  13. strait
  14. influence
  15. cubic
  16. andes
  17. immerse
  18. human
  19. atlantic
  20. space
  21. paltry
  22. volume
  23. capital
  24. planet
  25. longer
  26. nature
  27. speaking
  28. bottom
  29. congo
  30. ultimately
  31. roughly
  32. million
  33. surface
  34. remainder
  35. height
  36. shore
  37. greatest
  38. kilometer
  39. ocean
  40. dominant
  41. plain
  42. features

Original Text

Imagine yourself standing on a beach, looking out over the ocean, waves crashing against the shore, blue as far as your eyes can see. Let it really sink in, the sheer scope and size of it all. Now, ask yourself, "How big is it? How big is the ocean?" First thing, we need to understand that there really is only one ocean, consisting of five component basins that we call the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian, the Arctic, and the Southern. Each of these five, while generally referred to as oceans in and of themselves, are really and truly a part of a single, massive body of water, one ocean, which defines the very face of planet Earth. The ocean covers roughly 71% of our planet's surface, some 360 million square kilometers, an area in excess of the size of 36 U.S.A.'s. It's such a vast spread, when viewed from space, the ocean is, by far, the dominant feature of our planet. Speaking of space, the ocean currently holds over 1.3 billion, that's billion with a "b", cubic kilometers of water. Put another way, that's enough water to immerse the entire United States under a body of salt water over 132 kilometers tall, a height well beyond the reach of the highest clouds and extending deep into the upper atmosphere. With all that volume, the ocean represents 97% of Earth's total water content. On top of all that, the ocean contains upwards of 99% of the world's biosphere, that is, the spaces and places where life exists. Now let that sink in for a second. The immediate world as we know it, indeed the totality of all the living space encompassed by the continents themselves, all of that represents only 1% of the biosphere. 1%! The ocean is everything else. So, the ocean is physically massive. It's importance to life is practically unparalleled. It also happens to hold the greatest geological features of our planet. Quickly, here are four of the most notable. The ocean contains the world's largest mountain range, the mid-ocean ridge. At roughly 65,000 kilometers long, this underwater range is some 10 times longer than the longest mountain chain found purely on dry land, the Andes. Beneath the Denmark Strait exists the world's largest waterfall. This massive cataract carries roughly 116 times more water per second over its edge than the Congo River's Inga Falls, the largest waterfall by volume on land. The world's tallest mountain is actually found in the ocean, hiding in plain sight. While 4200 meters of Hawaii's Mauna Kea sit above sea level, its sides plummet beneath the waves for another 5800 meters. From its snow-covered top to it's silt-covered bottom, then, this Hawaiian mountain is roughly 10,000 meters in height, dwarfing tiny Everest's paltry peak by well over a kilometer. Then, since we're picking on poor Everest, let's consider the world's deepest canyon, the Challenger Deep, existing 11 kilometers below the ocean's surface, some six times deeper than the Grand Canyon. That's deep enough to sink Mount Everest into and still have over 2.1 kilometers of water sitting atop its newly submerged peak. Put another way, the depth of the Challenger Deep is roughly the same height that commercial airliners travel. So, pretty much however you choose to slice it, the ocean is capital B capital I, capital G, BIG! It defines our planet, home to the greatest geological features, comprises the largest living space, and accordingly, is home to the greatest numbers and forms of life on Earth. It is practically incomprehensible in scope. But it is not so big, so vast, so extraordinary as to be untouchable. In fact, with roughly 50% of the world's population living within 100 kilometers of the coastline and with most of the remainder living close enough to lakes, rivers, or swamps, all of which ultimately lead to the ocean, virtually every single person on the planet has the opportunity to influence the general health and nature of the world ocean. Evidence of human influence is seen in every part of the ocean, no matter how deep, no matter how distant. The ocean defines our planet, but, in a very real sense, we define the ocean.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
greatest geological 2
largest waterfall 2

Important Words

  1. airliners
  2. andes
  3. arctic
  4. area
  5. atlantic
  6. atmosphere
  7. atop
  8. basins
  9. beach
  10. beneath
  11. big
  12. billion
  13. biosphere
  14. blue
  15. body
  16. bottom
  17. call
  18. canyon
  19. capital
  20. carries
  21. cataract
  22. chain
  23. challenger
  24. choose
  25. close
  26. clouds
  27. coastline
  28. commercial
  29. component
  30. comprises
  31. congo
  32. consisting
  33. content
  34. continents
  35. covers
  36. crashing
  37. cubic
  38. deep
  39. deeper
  40. deepest
  41. define
  42. defines
  43. denmark
  44. depth
  45. distant
  46. dominant
  47. dry
  48. dwarfing
  49. earth
  50. edge
  51. encompassed
  52. entire
  53. everest
  54. evidence
  55. excess
  56. existing
  57. exists
  58. extending
  59. extraordinary
  60. eyes
  61. face
  62. fact
  63. falls
  64. feature
  65. features
  66. forms
  67. general
  68. generally
  69. geological
  70. grand
  71. greatest
  72. hawaiian
  73. health
  74. height
  75. hiding
  76. highest
  77. hold
  78. holds
  79. home
  80. human
  81. imagine
  82. immerse
  83. importance
  84. incomprehensible
  85. indian
  86. influence
  87. inga
  88. kea
  89. kilometer
  90. kilometers
  91. lakes
  92. land
  93. largest
  94. lead
  95. level
  96. life
  97. living
  98. long
  99. longer
  100. longest
  101. massive
  102. matter
  103. mauna
  104. meters
  105. million
  106. mount
  107. mountain
  108. nature
  109. newly
  110. notable
  111. numbers
  112. ocean
  113. oceans
  114. opportunity
  115. pacific
  116. paltry
  117. part
  118. peak
  119. person
  120. physically
  121. picking
  122. places
  123. plain
  124. planet
  125. plummet
  126. poor
  127. population
  128. practically
  129. pretty
  130. purely
  131. put
  132. quickly
  133. range
  134. reach
  135. real
  136. referred
  137. remainder
  138. represents
  139. ridge
  140. rivers
  141. roughly
  142. salt
  143. scope
  144. sea
  145. sense
  146. sheer
  147. shore
  148. sides
  149. sight
  150. single
  151. sink
  152. sit
  153. sitting
  154. size
  155. slice
  156. southern
  157. space
  158. spaces
  159. speaking
  160. spread
  161. square
  162. standing
  163. states
  164. strait
  165. submerged
  166. surface
  167. swamps
  168. tall
  169. tallest
  170. times
  171. tiny
  172. top
  173. total
  174. totality
  175. travel
  176. ultimately
  177. understand
  178. underwater
  179. united
  180. unparalleled
  181. untouchable
  182. upper
  183. vast
  184. viewed
  185. virtually
  186. volume
  187. water
  188. waterfall
  189. waves
  190. world