full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Guy-Philippe Goldstein: How cyberattacks threaten real-world peace

Unscramble the Blue Letters

In May 2007, Estonia was the vciitm of cyberattacks, that damaged its communication and bakning systems. Estonia accused rsusia. But NATO, though it defends eostnia, reacted very prudently. Why? Because NATO couldn't be 100% sure that the Kremlin was indeed behind these attacks. So to sum up, on the one hand, when a possible enemy announces they're building a cyberwar unit, you don't know whether it's for attack or defense. On the other hand, we know that these weapons give an advantage to attacking.

Open Cloze

In May 2007, Estonia was the ______ of cyberattacks, that damaged its communication and _______ systems. Estonia accused ______. But NATO, though it defends _______, reacted very prudently. Why? Because NATO couldn't be 100% sure that the Kremlin was indeed behind these attacks. So to sum up, on the one hand, when a possible enemy announces they're building a cyberwar unit, you don't know whether it's for attack or defense. On the other hand, we know that these weapons give an advantage to attacking.

Solution

  1. victim
  2. estonia
  3. russia
  4. banking

Original Text

In May 2007, Estonia was the victim of cyberattacks, that damaged its communication and banking systems. Estonia accused Russia. But NATO, though it defends Estonia, reacted very prudently. Why? Because NATO couldn't be 100% sure that the Kremlin was indeed behind these attacks. So to sum up, on the one hand, when a possible enemy announces they're building a cyberwar unit, you don't know whether it's for attack or defense. On the other hand, we know that these weapons give an advantage to attacking.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
cyber weapons 8
world peace 3
military technologies 2
potential enemy 2
weapons give 2
preemptive attacks 2

Important Words

  1. accused
  2. advantage
  3. announces
  4. attack
  5. attacking
  6. attacks
  7. banking
  8. building
  9. communication
  10. cyberattacks
  11. cyberwar
  12. damaged
  13. defends
  14. defense
  15. enemy
  16. estonia
  17. give
  18. hand
  19. kremlin
  20. nato
  21. prudently
  22. reacted
  23. russia
  24. sum
  25. systems
  26. unit
  27. victim
  28. weapons