full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Hyunsoo Joshua No: How does chemotherapy work?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

saimilr to cancer clels, the rapid production of these normal cells means that they’re reaching for resources more frequently— and are therefore more exposed to the eftfces of chemo drugs. That leads to several common side effects of cehomaetphry, ininlcdug hair loss, fatigue, infertility, nausea, and vomiting. Doctors commonly prescribe ooitpns to help manage these side-effects, such as strong anti-nausea medications. For hair loss, devices called cold caps can help lower the temperature around the head and ctsirnoct blood velesss, limiting the amount of chemotherapy drugs that reach hair follicles. And once a course of cmeho treatment is over, the healthy tissues that’ve been badly affected by the drug will recover and begin to renew as usual.

Open Cloze

_______ to cancer _____, the rapid production of these normal cells means that they’re reaching for resources more frequently— and are therefore more exposed to the _______ of chemo drugs. That leads to several common side effects of ____________, _________ hair loss, fatigue, infertility, nausea, and vomiting. Doctors commonly prescribe _______ to help manage these side-effects, such as strong anti-nausea medications. For hair loss, devices called cold caps can help lower the temperature around the head and _________ blood _______, limiting the amount of chemotherapy drugs that reach hair follicles. And once a course of _____ treatment is over, the healthy tissues that’ve been badly affected by the drug will recover and begin to renew as usual.

Solution

  1. chemotherapy
  2. chemo
  3. similar
  4. constrict
  5. effects
  6. options
  7. cells
  8. including
  9. vessels

Original Text

Similar to cancer cells, the rapid production of these normal cells means that they’re reaching for resources more frequently— and are therefore more exposed to the effects of chemo drugs. That leads to several common side effects of chemotherapy, including hair loss, fatigue, infertility, nausea, and vomiting. Doctors commonly prescribe options to help manage these side-effects, such as strong anti-nausea medications. For hair loss, devices called cold caps can help lower the temperature around the head and constrict blood vessels, limiting the amount of chemotherapy drugs that reach hair follicles. And once a course of chemo treatment is over, the healthy tissues that’ve been badly affected by the drug will recover and begin to renew as usual.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
chemotherapy drugs 4
cancer cells 3
world war 2
mustard gas 2
bone marrow 2
alkylating agents 2
microtubule stabilizers 2
healthy tissues 2

Important Words

  1. affected
  2. amount
  3. badly
  4. blood
  5. called
  6. cancer
  7. caps
  8. cells
  9. chemo
  10. chemotherapy
  11. cold
  12. common
  13. commonly
  14. constrict
  15. devices
  16. doctors
  17. drug
  18. drugs
  19. effects
  20. exposed
  21. fatigue
  22. follicles
  23. hair
  24. head
  25. healthy
  26. including
  27. infertility
  28. leads
  29. limiting
  30. loss
  31. manage
  32. means
  33. medications
  34. nausea
  35. normal
  36. options
  37. prescribe
  38. production
  39. rapid
  40. reach
  41. reaching
  42. recover
  43. renew
  44. resources
  45. side
  46. similar
  47. strong
  48. temperature
  49. tissues
  50. treatment
  51. usual
  52. vessels
  53. vomiting