full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Roni Shanoada: How does heart transplant surgery work?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Even after the procedure is complete, there's still work to be done. Surgeons are unable to directly connect the heart to the recipient’s nervous system, and it can take years for the body to fully iaetrvnne the new oragn. During this period, the transplanted organ has a higher resting haert rate and risk of stroke, miankg exercise difficult and dangerous. And since it’s incredibly rare to find a perfect match between dnoor and recipient, the immune system will also have some rsoenpse to the new heart. Immunosuppressive drugs can help manage the risk of reeictojn, but they also laeve patients open to contracting dangerous infections. It requires constant monitoring and testing to balance these two concerns.

Open Cloze

Even after the procedure is complete, there's still work to be done. Surgeons are unable to directly connect the heart to the recipient’s nervous system, and it can take years for the body to fully _________ the new _____. During this period, the transplanted organ has a higher resting _____ rate and risk of stroke, ______ exercise difficult and dangerous. And since it’s incredibly rare to find a perfect match between _____ and recipient, the immune system will also have some ________ to the new heart. Immunosuppressive drugs can help manage the risk of _________, but they also _____ patients open to contracting dangerous infections. It requires constant monitoring and testing to balance these two concerns.

Solution

  1. response
  2. rejection
  3. donor
  4. heart
  5. organ
  6. making
  7. leave
  8. innervate

Original Text

Even after the procedure is complete, there's still work to be done. Surgeons are unable to directly connect the heart to the recipient’s nervous system, and it can take years for the body to fully innervate the new organ. During this period, the transplanted organ has a higher resting heart rate and risk of stroke, making exercise difficult and dangerous. And since it’s incredibly rare to find a perfect match between donor and recipient, the immune system will also have some response to the new heart. Immunosuppressive drugs can help manage the risk of rejection, but they also leave patients open to contracting dangerous infections. It requires constant monitoring and testing to balance these two concerns.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
immune system 2
bypass machine 2

Important Words

  1. balance
  2. body
  3. complete
  4. concerns
  5. connect
  6. constant
  7. contracting
  8. dangerous
  9. difficult
  10. donor
  11. drugs
  12. exercise
  13. find
  14. fully
  15. heart
  16. higher
  17. immune
  18. immunosuppressive
  19. incredibly
  20. infections
  21. innervate
  22. leave
  23. making
  24. manage
  25. match
  26. monitoring
  27. nervous
  28. open
  29. organ
  30. patients
  31. perfect
  32. period
  33. procedure
  34. rare
  35. rate
  36. recipient
  37. rejection
  38. requires
  39. response
  40. resting
  41. risk
  42. stroke
  43. surgeons
  44. system
  45. testing
  46. transplanted
  47. unable
  48. work
  49. years