full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Richard Wilkinson: How economic inequality harms societies

Unscramble the Blue Letters

And that's what I'm going to show you. I'm not using any hyohpctietal data. I'm taking data from the U.N. — it's the same as the World Bank has — on the scale of income differences in these rich developed market democracies. The measure we've used, because it's easy to understand and you can download it, is how much richer the top 20 percent than the bttoom 20 percent in each country. And you see in the more eqaul countries on the left — Japan, Finland, Norway, sdween — the top 20 percent are about three and a half, four times as rich as the bottom 20 percent. But on the more unequal end — U.K., Portugal, USA, sngripaoe — the differences are twice as big. On that mausere, we are twice as unequal as some of the other successful makret democracies.

Open Cloze

And that's what I'm going to show you. I'm not using any ____________ data. I'm taking data from the U.N. — it's the same as the World Bank has — on the scale of income differences in these rich developed market democracies. The measure we've used, because it's easy to understand and you can download it, is how much richer the top 20 percent than the ______ 20 percent in each country. And you see in the more _____ countries on the left — Japan, Finland, Norway, ______ — the top 20 percent are about three and a half, four times as rich as the bottom 20 percent. But on the more unequal end — U.K., Portugal, USA, _________ — the differences are twice as big. On that _______, we are twice as unequal as some of the other successful ______ democracies.

Solution

  1. equal
  2. bottom
  3. hypothetical
  4. singapore
  5. sweden
  6. market
  7. measure

Original Text

And that's what I'm going to show you. I'm not using any hypothetical data. I'm taking data from the U.N. — it's the same as the World Bank has — on the scale of income differences in these rich developed market democracies. The measure we've used, because it's easy to understand and you can download it, is how much richer the top 20 percent than the bottom 20 percent in each country. And you see in the more equal countries on the left — Japan, Finland, Norway, Sweden — the top 20 percent are about three and a half, four times as rich as the bottom 20 percent. But on the more unequal end — U.K., Portugal, USA, Singapore — the differences are twice as big. On that measure, we are twice as unequal as some of the other successful market democracies.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
rich developed 5
mental illness 5
life expectancy 3
national income 3
income differences 3
market democracies 3
social mobility 3
unequal societies 3
developed world 3
gross national 2
social gradients 2
social status 2
developed market 2
equal countries 2
infant mortality 2
unequal countries 2
social problems 2
closely related 2
separate test 2
general social 2
greater equality 2
social hierarchy 2
manual occupations 2
data source 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
rich developed world 3
rich developed market 2
developed market democracies 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
rich developed market democracies 2

Important Words

  1. bank
  2. big
  3. bottom
  4. countries
  5. country
  6. data
  7. democracies
  8. developed
  9. differences
  10. download
  11. easy
  12. equal
  13. finland
  14. hypothetical
  15. income
  16. japan
  17. left
  18. market
  19. measure
  20. norway
  21. percent
  22. portugal
  23. rich
  24. richer
  25. scale
  26. show
  27. singapore
  28. successful
  29. sweden
  30. times
  31. top
  32. understand
  33. unequal
  34. usa
  35. world