full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Dan Kwartler: How fast can a vaccine be made?

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Over time, advances in exploratory research and manufacturing should make this process faster. Preliminary sudiets suggest that future researchers may be able to swap genetic material from different viruses into the same vaccine disgen. These DNA and mRNA based vaieccns could dlrctiamalay expedite all three stages of vaccine production. But until such breakthroughs arrive, our best strategy is for labs around the world to cooperate and work in prallael on different approaches. By sharing knowledge and rescureos, scientists can divide and conquer any pathogen.

Open Cloze

Over time, advances in exploratory research and manufacturing should make this process faster. Preliminary _______ suggest that future researchers may be able to swap genetic material from different viruses into the same vaccine ______. These DNA and mRNA based ________ could ____________ expedite all three stages of vaccine production. But until such breakthroughs arrive, our best strategy is for labs around the world to cooperate and work in ________ on different approaches. By sharing knowledge and _________, scientists can divide and conquer any pathogen.

Solution

  1. parallel
  2. studies
  3. vaccines
  4. design
  5. resources
  6. dramatically

Original Text

Over time, advances in exploratory research and manufacturing should make this process faster. Preliminary studies suggest that future researchers may be able to swap genetic material from different viruses into the same vaccine design. These DNA and mRNA based vaccines could dramatically expedite all three stages of vaccine production. But until such breakthroughs arrive, our best strategy is for labs around the world to cooperate and work in parallel on different approaches. By sharing knowledge and resources, scientists can divide and conquer any pathogen.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
clinical testing 3
vaccine designs 2
side effects 2
exploratory research 2
multiple trials 2
trials focus 2
phase iii 2

Important Words

  1. advances
  2. approaches
  3. arrive
  4. based
  5. breakthroughs
  6. conquer
  7. cooperate
  8. design
  9. divide
  10. dna
  11. dramatically
  12. expedite
  13. exploratory
  14. faster
  15. future
  16. genetic
  17. knowledge
  18. labs
  19. manufacturing
  20. material
  21. mrna
  22. parallel
  23. pathogen
  24. preliminary
  25. process
  26. production
  27. research
  28. researchers
  29. resources
  30. scientists
  31. sharing
  32. stages
  33. strategy
  34. studies
  35. suggest
  36. swap
  37. time
  38. vaccine
  39. vaccines
  40. viruses
  41. work
  42. world