full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Kate Stafford: How human noise affects ocean habitats

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Second: water. With less seasonal sea ice, subarctic species are moving north, and taking advantage of the new habitat that is created by more open wtaer. Now, Arctic whales, like this bowhead, they have no dorsal fin, because they have evolved to live and swim in ice-covered waters, and having something sticking off of your back is not very conducive to migrating through ice, and may, in fact, be excluding animals from the ice. But now, everywhere we've listened, we're hearing the sounds of fin whales and hcbaupmk wlehas and kellir whales, further and further north, and later and later in the season. We are hearing, in essence, an invasion of the Arctic by subarctic species. And we don't know what this means. Will there be competition for food between Arctic and subarctic animals? Might these subarctic species introduce diseases or parasites into the arictc? And what are the new sundos that they are pirduocng doing to the sunoapdcse underwater?

Open Cloze

Second: water. With less seasonal sea ice, subarctic species are moving north, and taking advantage of the new habitat that is created by more open _____. Now, Arctic whales, like this bowhead, they have no dorsal fin, because they have evolved to live and swim in ice-covered waters, and having something sticking off of your back is not very conducive to migrating through ice, and may, in fact, be excluding animals from the ice. But now, everywhere we've listened, we're hearing the sounds of fin whales and ________ ______ and ______ whales, further and further north, and later and later in the season. We are hearing, in essence, an invasion of the Arctic by subarctic species. And we don't know what this means. Will there be competition for food between Arctic and subarctic animals? Might these subarctic species introduce diseases or parasites into the ______? And what are the new ______ that they are _________ doing to the __________ underwater?

Solution

  1. humpback
  2. sounds
  3. arctic
  4. water
  5. producing
  6. soundscape
  7. killer
  8. whales

Original Text

Second: water. With less seasonal sea ice, subarctic species are moving north, and taking advantage of the new habitat that is created by more open water. Now, Arctic whales, like this bowhead, they have no dorsal fin, because they have evolved to live and swim in ice-covered waters, and having something sticking off of your back is not very conducive to migrating through ice, and may, in fact, be excluding animals from the ice. But now, everywhere we've listened, we're hearing the sounds of fin whales and humpback whales and killer whales, further and further north, and later and later in the season. We are hearing, in essence, an invasion of the Arctic by subarctic species. And we don't know what this means. Will there be competition for food between Arctic and subarctic animals? Might these subarctic species introduce diseases or parasites into the Arctic? And what are the new sounds that they are producing doing to the soundscape underwater?

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
sea ice 7
marine mammals 6
seasonal sea 5
arctic marine 4
open water 4
underwater soundscape 3
ambient noise 3
noise levels 3
subarctic species 3
jacques cousteau 2
underwater world 2
climate change 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
arctic marine mammals 4
ambient noise levels 2
seasonal sea ice 2

Important Words

  1. advantage
  2. animals
  3. arctic
  4. bowhead
  5. competition
  6. conducive
  7. created
  8. diseases
  9. dorsal
  10. essence
  11. evolved
  12. excluding
  13. fact
  14. fin
  15. food
  16. habitat
  17. hearing
  18. humpback
  19. ice
  20. introduce
  21. invasion
  22. killer
  23. listened
  24. live
  25. means
  26. migrating
  27. moving
  28. north
  29. open
  30. parasites
  31. producing
  32. sea
  33. season
  34. seasonal
  35. sounds
  36. soundscape
  37. species
  38. sticking
  39. subarctic
  40. swim
  41. underwater
  42. water
  43. waters
  44. whales