full transcript
"From the Ted Talk by Mark Pagel: How language transformed humanity"

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now the reason the chimpanzees don't do that is that they lack what psychologists and anthropologists call social lnaienrg. They seem to lack the ability to learn from others by copying or ittamniig or simply winchatg. As a result, they can't improve on others' ideas or learn from others' maiskets — bieenft from others' wisdom. And so they just do the same thing over and over and over again. In fact, we could go away for a million years and come back and these chimpanzees would be doing the same thing with the same sticks for the termites and the same rocks to crack open the nuts.

Open Cloze

Now the reason the chimpanzees don't do that is that they lack what psychologists and anthropologists call social ________. They seem to lack the ability to learn from others by copying or _________ or simply ________. As a result, they can't improve on others' ideas or learn from others' ________ — _______ from others' wisdom. And so they just do the same thing over and over and over again. In fact, we could go away for a million years and come back and these chimpanzees would be doing the same thing with the same sticks for the termites and the same rocks to crack open the nuts.

Solution

  1. watching
  2. learning
  3. mistakes
  4. benefit
  5. imitating

Original Text

Now the reason the chimpanzees don't do that is that they lack what psychologists and anthropologists call social learning. They seem to lack the ability to learn from others by copying or imitating or simply watching. As a result, they can't improve on others' ideas or learn from others' mistakes — benefit from others' wisdom. And so they just do the same thing over and over and over again. In fact, we could go away for a million years and come back and these chimpanzees would be doing the same thing with the same sticks for the termites and the same rocks to crack open the nuts.

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
social learning 8
visual theft 6
homo erectus 4
cumulative cultural 4
cultural adaptation 4
modern world 4
million years 3
hand axe 3
european union 3

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
cumulative cultural adaptation 4

Important Words

  1. ability
  2. anthropologists
  3. benefit
  4. call
  5. chimpanzees
  6. copying
  7. crack
  8. fact
  9. ideas
  10. imitating
  11. improve
  12. lack
  13. learn
  14. learning
  15. million
  16. mistakes
  17. nuts
  18. open
  19. psychologists
  20. reason
  21. result
  22. rocks
  23. simply
  24. social
  25. sticks
  26. termites
  27. watching
  28. wisdom
  29. years