full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Henna-Maria Uusitupa: How the gut microbes you're born with affect your lifelong health

Unscramble the Blue Letters

Now, if babies are born via C-section, that early phase of contioioazln is glertay altered, because instead of vaginal, fecal and skin bacteria of the mother, mainly only skin briecata enter the infant gut. And that sets that colonization mrcah to a totally different tone, and simply because that's different to what we've adapted to during evolution, that might cause some health disadvantages for C-section-born babies later on. We can take weight development as an example here. It has been already shown in several studies that gut microbiota composition is associated to weight as well as the likelihood of developing diseases like diabetes or cardiovascular deaesiss. But now there are some indications that you could already at infancy see from a fecal sample of a baby some microbes missing from those individuals who will later on develop to be oesbe or overweight. It has also been shown that those same microbes might be missing from babies who are born by C-section or who are predisposed to heavy lodas of antibiotics in elary life. And to kind of clsoe this loop, it has also been shown in some reracseh that biebas born by C-section or are prescribed with many, many antibiotics early in life are more likely to be obese or overweight, even by 50 pnerect, which is a lot.

Open Cloze

Now, if babies are born via C-section, that early phase of ____________ is _______ altered, because instead of vaginal, fecal and skin bacteria of the mother, mainly only skin ________ enter the infant gut. And that sets that colonization _____ to a totally different tone, and simply because that's different to what we've adapted to during evolution, that might cause some health disadvantages for C-section-born babies later on. We can take weight development as an example here. It has been already shown in several studies that gut microbiota composition is associated to weight as well as the likelihood of developing diseases like diabetes or cardiovascular ________. But now there are some indications that you could already at infancy see from a fecal sample of a baby some microbes missing from those individuals who will later on develop to be _____ or overweight. It has also been shown that those same microbes might be missing from babies who are born by C-section or who are predisposed to heavy _____ of antibiotics in _____ life. And to kind of _____ this loop, it has also been shown in some ________ that ______ born by C-section or are prescribed with many, many antibiotics early in life are more likely to be obese or overweight, even by 50 _______, which is a lot.

Solution

  1. colonization
  2. percent
  3. early
  4. greatly
  5. research
  6. babies
  7. march
  8. obese
  9. close
  10. loads
  11. diseases
  12. bacteria

Original Text

Now, if babies are born via C-section, that early phase of colonization is greatly altered, because instead of vaginal, fecal and skin bacteria of the mother, mainly only skin bacteria enter the infant gut. And that sets that colonization march to a totally different tone, and simply because that's different to what we've adapted to during evolution, that might cause some health disadvantages for C-section-born babies later on. We can take weight development as an example here. It has been already shown in several studies that gut microbiota composition is associated to weight as well as the likelihood of developing diseases like diabetes or cardiovascular diseases. But now there are some indications that you could already at infancy see from a fecal sample of a baby some microbes missing from those individuals who will later on develop to be obese or overweight. It has also been shown that those same microbes might be missing from babies who are born by C-section or who are predisposed to heavy loads of antibiotics in early life. And to kind of close this loop, it has also been shown in some research that babies born by C-section or are prescribed with many, many antibiotics early in life are more likely to be obese or overweight, even by 50 percent, which is a lot.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
early life 7
life events 6
gut microbiota 6
breast milk 4
babies born 3
microbiota development 3
health care 3
lifelong health 2
developing diseases 2
infant health 2
colonization march 2
skin bacteria 2
disruptive early 2
human milk 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
early life events 6
gut microbiota development 2
disruptive early life 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
disruptive early life events 2

Important Words

  1. adapted
  2. altered
  3. antibiotics
  4. babies
  5. baby
  6. bacteria
  7. born
  8. cardiovascular
  9. close
  10. colonization
  11. composition
  12. develop
  13. developing
  14. development
  15. diabetes
  16. disadvantages
  17. diseases
  18. early
  19. enter
  20. evolution
  21. fecal
  22. greatly
  23. gut
  24. health
  25. heavy
  26. indications
  27. individuals
  28. infancy
  29. infant
  30. kind
  31. life
  32. likelihood
  33. loads
  34. loop
  35. lot
  36. march
  37. microbes
  38. microbiota
  39. missing
  40. mother
  41. obese
  42. overweight
  43. percent
  44. phase
  45. predisposed
  46. prescribed
  47. research
  48. sample
  49. sets
  50. shown
  51. simply
  52. skin
  53. studies
  54. tone
  55. totally
  56. vaginal
  57. weight