full transcript

From the Ted Talk by Dan Gibson: How to build synthetic DNA and send it across the internet

Unscramble the Blue Letters

We knew that writing DNA would drive this bioeconomy even more, once clles could be programmed just like computers. We also knew that wntirig DNA would enable biological teleportation ... the printing of defined, biological miretaal, starting from DNA code. As a step toward bringing these prisomes to fruition, our team set out to create, for the first time, a synthetic bacterial cell, starting from DNA code in the computer. Synthetic DNA is a commodity. You can order very short peices of DNA from a nmebur of cempnaois, and they will start from these four bottles of chemicals that make up DNA, G, A, T and C, and they will build those very shrot pieces of DNA for you.

Open Cloze

We knew that writing DNA would drive this bioeconomy even more, once _____ could be programmed just like computers. We also knew that _______ DNA would enable biological teleportation ... the printing of defined, biological ________, starting from DNA code. As a step toward bringing these ________ to fruition, our team set out to create, for the first time, a synthetic bacterial cell, starting from DNA code in the computer. Synthetic DNA is a commodity. You can order very short ______ of DNA from a ______ of _________, and they will start from these four bottles of chemicals that make up DNA, G, A, T and C, and they will build those very _____ pieces of DNA for you.

Solution

  1. short
  2. cells
  3. writing
  4. material
  5. pieces
  6. companies
  7. number
  8. promises

Original Text

We knew that writing DNA would drive this bioeconomy even more, once cells could be programmed just like computers. We also knew that writing DNA would enable biological teleportation ... the printing of defined, biological material, starting from DNA code. As a step toward bringing these promises to fruition, our team set out to create, for the first time, a synthetic bacterial cell, starting from DNA code in the computer. Synthetic DNA is a commodity. You can order very short pieces of DNA from a number of companies, and they will start from these four bottles of chemicals that make up DNA, G, A, T and C, and they will build those very short pieces of DNA for you.

Frequently Occurring Word Combinations

ngrams of length 2

collocation frequency
flu vaccine 9
writing dna 6
dna code 5
short pieces 5
fax machines 5
biological teleportation 4
living cells 3
complete bacterial 3
gibson assembly 3
synthetic cell 3
synthetic cells 2
bird flu 2
vaccine manufacturing 2
manufacturing process 2
vaccine instructions 2
write dna 2
synthetic dna 2
bacterial genomes 2
bacterial genome 2
laboratory workflows 2
dna sequence 2
fax machine 2
digital information 2
printing personalized 2
digital instructions 2

ngrams of length 3

collocation frequency
flu vaccine manufacturing 2
vaccine manufacturing process 2
flu vaccine instructions 2

ngrams of length 4

collocation frequency
flu vaccine manufacturing process 2

Important Words

  1. bacterial
  2. bioeconomy
  3. biological
  4. bottles
  5. bringing
  6. build
  7. cell
  8. cells
  9. chemicals
  10. code
  11. commodity
  12. companies
  13. computer
  14. computers
  15. create
  16. defined
  17. dna
  18. drive
  19. enable
  20. fruition
  21. knew
  22. material
  23. number
  24. order
  25. pieces
  26. printing
  27. programmed
  28. promises
  29. set
  30. short
  31. start
  32. starting
  33. step
  34. synthetic
  35. team
  36. teleportation
  37. time
  38. writing